A Gendered World

Gender is a central organizing principle of social life that informs everything from the taken for granted clothing we wear, our interactions with others, and our subjective understandings of who we are, to the kinds of work and social tasks we perform as we move through the gendered spaces of everyday life. Gender roles and meanings are different in every cultural context, but always inform patterns of social, political and economic inequality that are embedded in government, military, health, familial and educational institutions, legal systems, and the media. Women all over the world suffer disproportionately from violence, make less money than men, and have less access to power. Yet men all over the world die at younger ages than women, suffer from more heart attacks and serious mental illnesses, and are incarcerated at higher rates. This year’s Clarke Forum theme examines some of the ways that women and men live their lives as they are defined and define themselves in different political, economic, and cultural contexts.

Guerrilla Girls

Monkey Business

Guerilla Girls posters
Performance
Thursday, November 29, 2007
7:00 p.m. – The Depot

The Guerrilla Girls are feminist masked avengers in the tradition of anonymous do-gooders, like Wonder Woman and Batman. They use facts, humor and outrageous visuals to expose sexism, racism and corruption in politics, art, film and pop culture. Co-sponsored by Women’s Studies and The Zatae Longsdorff Women’s Center.

Issue in Context

Sexism and racism are pervasive throughout the world of art and popular culture. Women artists and artists of color are greatly under-represented in art museums. In the National Gallery of Art, 98% of the artists displayed are male and 99.9% are white. Galleries and art collectors generally buy art from white men and when they do buy art from women or artists of color, it often ends up hidden in the gallery’s storage facility.
Women and people of color are also under-acknowledged and under-appreciated in the film industry. A female director has never won an Oscar and only three have ever been nominated. In all of the Oscars for acting, only 3% have gone to people of color.
The film and music industries continue to portray women as sexual objects or in a stereotypical fashion without depth of character. In films, women are often either dressed in revealing outfits or play roles such as that of the “Old Maid.” Certain lyrics in music are also derogatory towards women, cheapening them by referring to women as “sluts” and “hoes.”
The feminist movement is taking action to reverse this discrimination in today’s society and end misogyny, the fear of or hostility towards women. Feminists employ a variety of protest and educational methods to raise public awareness and elicit action for change.

About the Performers
The Guerrilla Girls, founded in 1985, are a group of feminist masked avengers who work to achieve equality of the sexes and “races” in art, politics, film, and popular culture. The group is comprised of almost 100 female artists who wear gorilla masks in public and take on the names of deceased female artists. The Guerrilla Girls hide their identities to ensure that the focus is on the issues that they are presenting and not on their personalities.
In order to raise awareness of the issues of discrimination, inequality, sexism, and racism, the Guerrilla Girls employ humor supported by indisputable facts. They create posters, billboards, books, stickers and other visuals that incorporate this humor in a manner that draws attention, informs observers, and incites a will to change. The Guerrilla Girls also travel throughout the world to participate in protests and to speak with audiences about their work. Recent books written by the Guerrilla Girls include The Guerrilla Girls’ Bedside Companion to the History of Western Art (1998), Bitches, Bimbos and Ballbreakers: The Guerrilla Girls’ Guide to Female Stereotypes (2003) and The Guerrilla Girls’ Art Museum Activity Book (2004). Each of these books seeks to highlight the sexism and racism that have pervaded American culture and history.
As in guerrilla warfare, the Guerrilla Girls can appear at any time, in any place, fighting for the cause of equality in today’s society.

Karin Morin

Associate Professor, social/gender geography, Bucknell University.

Women, Religion and Space: Making the Connections

Karin Morin Poster
Thursday, November 15, 2007
4:30 p.m. – Stern Center, Great Room

In this talk, Karen Morin ‘triangulates’ among the scholarly domains of geography, women’s studies, and religious studies, suggesting ways to draw out the geographical implications of the study of women and religion. The talk highlights the ways that religions regulate women spatially, and how religious women negotiate and define spaces and their sense of themselves in them. Co-sponsored by the anthropology and religion departments.

Issue in Context
In the 17th century, Medieval Roman Catholic nuns benefited from the mobility of being allowed to work outside of their convents and within their communities, and of participating in missionary activities. However, in 1662, laws were passed in accordance with the Counter-Reformation that restricted the nun’s movement and often imprisoned them to their cloisters. The construction of gates and high walls around convents, the grills used to separate the nuns from the laypeople, and the use of the turntable to receive goods were just some of the limitations imposed on their lives. Nuns no longer had the right to play an active part in the church or in the community.
Almost 350 years later spiritual women’s movements and choices are still being controlled by both religious and secular authorities all over the world. In 2004, the French government passed a bill that banned Muslim girls from wearing head scarves in public schools. Arguing that France had to preserve the principle of the separation of church and state, President Jaques Chirac contended that the veil could constitute violent acts or disturb general order. Many women defend wearing the veil as a religious obligation and as a conscious choice. The banning of the Islamic veil is seen by much of the world as discriminatory to Muslim women.
As shown in theses examples, as well as countless others throughout history, women have persistently been forced to define their spiritual identity through the framework of traditional religious institutions.
The three principal monotheistic religions, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are historically patriarchal and based on the differences between men and women. The effects of this gender division restrict women’s experiences within their social and spiritual communities. Spatial separation is also an important part of the formation of women’s religious identities. In our contemporary world, religion and geography are essential factors that affect the way in which women define themselves.

About the Speaker

Karen M. Morin is an associate professor of human geography at Bucknell University and specializes in feminist historical geography. Her research focuses on the connections between British and American imperialisms, North American historical geography, and women’s travel writing. Professor Morin co-edited the volume Women, Religion, and Space: Global Perspectives on Gender and Faith, and is also the co-editor of the journal Historical Geography. Her articles have appeared in the Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, and the Journal of Historical Geography. Professor Morin chairs both the Historical Geography Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers (AAG) and is a past chair of the Geographic Perspectives on Women Specialty Group (GPOW). In 2005, Morin was elected to the Society of Women Geographers and held a Senior Scholar Fellowship at the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History in New York City. She was a U.S. Fulbright Scholar to the Russian Federation, Nizhni Novgorod State University in the fall of 2002 and was a U.S. Fulbright Senior Specialist at the University of Tirana in Albania in September 2006. Most recently, Professor Morin received the AAG Jan Monk Service Award in 2007. She holds a B.A. from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, a M.A. from the University of Nebraska-Bowling Green, and a Ph.D. from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Related Links
Bucknell Website http://www.bucknell.edu/x30750.xml
Historical Geography Journal http://www.historical-geography.net/
The Association of American Geographers http://www.aag.org/
The Society of Women Geographers http://www.iswg.org/
Syracuse University Press http://www.syracuseuniversitypress.syr.edu/spring-2007/women-religion-space.html

Selma James

Wednesday, November 7, 2007Selma James Poster
7:00 p.m. – Stern Center, Great Room

Sex, Race and Class

Selma James, activist, author strategist. How can we defeat sexism, racism, and other violent destructive power relations among us all internationally? What are the economic connections and what do they have to do with class? A development of Sex, Race & Class, her classic of the anti-racist women’s movement. Co-sponsored by the anthropology and sociology departments.

Issue in Context
Should women be paid for their housework duties? According to the United Nations, women do two-thirds of the world’s total labor, from raising children to working in hospitals, yet they only receive five percent of the world’s assets. In a recent interview, Selma James explained that women are working even harder today than in the past, “Women are the carers, the nurturers, put the food on the table, make sure that shirts are clean for the next day, keep the children alive and have them lined up when the men come home. But still their work is not included in the GNP (gross national product). It still doesn’t count.” As the Coordinator of Global Women’s Strike, James continues to struggle for the recognition of women’s lives and work around the world.
In spite of their struggles for economic equality, women in capitalist and developing nations are still paid less than men. Those in the Wages for Housework Campaign argue that much of a woman’s time, energy, and resources are spent on household jobs, which still remain unpaid and undervalued. In her publication Sex, Race and Class, James tackles the economic basis of the power relations within the working class internationally. In addition, James examines the friction that exists between sex, race, and class which hinders the attainment of working class power. She declares that if all minorities in the working classes unite, they might more effectively achieve their goals.

About the SpeakerSelma James Pic
World renowned activist, author, women’s rights, and anti-racist campaigner, Selma James is currently the international coordinator of the Global Women’s Strike. Her husband was C.L.R. James, a Trinidadian journalist, historian, critic, socialist theorist, and writer who authored The Black Jacobins a widely acclaimed history of the Haitian revolution, which would later be seen as a seminal text in the study of the African Diaspora. James’ first pamphlet A Woman’s Place formed the seeds of the International Wages for Housework Campaign, which she founded in 1972 and 30 years later is still based at the Crossroads Women’s Centre in Kentish Town.
When James launched the Campaign in 1972 to demand wages for housework from governments, a raging debate followed about whether caring full-time was “work” or a “duty” and whether it should be compensated with a wage. Now, after decades of women demanding payment and pensions for work at home and taking their case to the United Nations where some governments have agreed to measure and value unwaged work, the movement of caregivers is spreading across the world. Selma James works closely with grassroots women in the Venezuelan Revolution who have recently won Articles 87 & 88 in their Constitution that recognize “the work at home as an economic activity that produces social welfare and wealth” and establish a stability fund for housewives and domestic workers.
Selma James has written numerous texts, including The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community (1973), Sex, Race, and Class (1975), Women, the Unions, and Work (1976), Strangers and Sisters: Women, Race and Immigration (1985), Women’s Unwaged Work – the Heart of the Informal Sectors (1994), and The Global Kitchen: The Case for Government’s Measuring and Valuing Unwaged Work (1995).


Recommended Readings:

The Milk of Human Kindness: Defending breastfeeding from the global market & the AIDS industry, Solveig Francis, Selma James, Phoebe Jones Schellenberg, Nina Lopez-Jones, 2002
The Ladies and the Mammies Jane Austen and Jean Rhys, Selma James, 1983
The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community, Mariarosa Dalla Costa and Selma James, 1972
The Global Kitchen – the case for counting unwaged work, Ed Selma James, 1995
Sex, Race and Class, Selma James
Marx and Feminism , Selma James

Related Links

Global Women’s Strike website: http://www.globalwomenstrike.net/
Livable Income for Everyone: Women, Unions and Work or … What is not to be done and The Perspective of Winning article by Selma James, 1972. http://www.livableincome.org/womenunionswork.htm
New Beginnings – A Journal of Independent Labor: Selma James and the Wages for Housework Campaign, article by Shemon Salam http://nbjournal.org/2007/07/selma-james-and-the-wages-for-housework-campaign
United Nations’ report on the status of woman across the globe
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/asp/user/list.asp-ParentID=60.htm
Solidarity – Women in the Venezuelan Revolution
http://www.solidarity-us.org/node/291/print

Lisa Sherman ’79

Metzger-Conway Fellow, Senior Vice President and General Manager of Logo TV.
Tuesday, October 30, 2007Sherman poster
7:00 p.m. – Stern Center, Great Room

Changing Hearts and Minds: Media as a Bridge Builder for LGBT America

For the past several decades, the media has been an important and powerful tool for humanizing LGBT Americans, gradually replacing stereotypes and caricatures with authentic portrayals and depictions of LGBT people characters. In the past several years, media specifically for the LGBT audience has come to the forefront, notably with the launch of Logo, the new 24/7 ad-supported television and broadband channel from MTV networks. Lisa Sherman will discuss gays and lesbians in the media as well as the context for Logo’s place in the media landscape and how it is helping to advance a sense of an electronic community for many LGBT Americans. Co-sponsored by the psychology department.

Issue in Context

Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered people are frequently excluded and misrepresented. Gay men are often represented as overly ‘feminine,’ while lesbian women are depicted as ‘masculine.’ LGBTs are also classified as excessively sexual, and it is assumed that they will make advances towards all members of the sex to which they are attracted. Such misrepresentations have been used as the basis for discrimination against members of the LGBT community. The media, as a medium accessed by many millions of people, has the power to influence and change the way people think about and understand gender in American society.

The conspicuous absence of accurate representations of LGBTs on American television led MTV Networks, in 2004, to launch Logo. Logo is a channel whose mission is to accurately represent LGBT on television. Logo’s programming includes popular shows such as “Noah’s Arc,” “Queer as Folk” and “Bad Girls.” In tonight’s lecture, “Changing Hearts and Minds: Media as a Bridge Builder for LGBT America,” Lisa Sherman will discuss the role that the “Logo” channel currently plays in the media, and how it is assisting LGBT Americans.

About the Speaker

Lisa Sherman plays a prominent role in bringing LGBT issues to American television. She is the senior vice president of Logo, an MTV networks-based channel dedicated to the accurate representations of LGBT in the media. Sherman is also a board member of God’s Love We Deliver, a humanitarian organization for people living with HIV/AIDS and other illnesses. She was an executive committee board member for the Human Rights Campaign. Sherman graduated from Dickinson College in 1979, and is returning to Dickinson as a Metzger-Conway fellow.

The Metzger-Conway Program was established at Dickinson College in 1982. Originally designed as a program for bringing distinguished female graduates back to the College, the program was expanded in 1987 to include both men and women of distinction. The goal of the Metzger-Conway Program is to provide Dickinson students with role models and to enrich the curriculum.

Please join us in “Continuing the Conversation”
Wednesday, October 31, 2007 – 4:30 p.m.
The Clarke Forum, 249 W. Louther St.
The discussion will be based on this program.
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Yolanda Lopez, political artist

The Virgin of Guadalupe on the Road to Aztlan

Yolanda Lopez poster

Wednesday, October 17, 2007
7:00 p.m. – Stern Center, Great Room

Artist-provocateur and activist, Yolanda Lopez, will discuss the trajectory of her work, including her famous “virgin of guadalupe” paintings, in the context of her experiences with the Chicano civil rights movement, feminism, and contemporary immigration debates. Co-sponsored by Latin American Studies, American Studies and sociology Department.

Issue in Context
The Virgin of Guadalupe is one of the most revered Roman Catholic symbols in Mexico. She is believed to be an apparition of the Virgin Mary. From the time of the Mexican War of Independence, the Virgin of Guadalupe has been assumed as an icon of Mexican culture. Each year on December 12, millions of Mexicans and Mexican Americans celebrate The Queen of Mexico with dancing, songs, fireworks, and prayers.

According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2000 there were more than 20 million Mexican Americans living in the United States. Although they represent a large portion of the U.S. population, Chicanos, or Mexican-Americans, still often find themselves marginalized and discriminated against in mainstream society. The Chicano movement addresses negative representations of Mexican-Americans. Activists in the Chicano movement have worked to protect farm workers rights, to restore land grants, and to enhance the education of Mexican-Americans. Furthermore, it is important to understand the key role the Chicana woman plays in Mexican and Chicano culture. Through literary and visual works, the participants of the Chicano movement struggle to promote popular understanding of Mexican-American heritage and culture.

About the Speaker
Yolanda Lopez is a political artist whose work captures the idea and sentiment of the Chicano civil rights movement, feminism, and debates about contemporary immigration to the U.S. In 1968 after graduating from high school, Lopez joined the San Francisco State University Third World Strike. She served as a court artist for Los Siete, a group of seven political activists who were charged and later acquitted of killing a policeman.
Lopez earned a B.A. in painting and drawing from San Diego State University in 1975 and received her M.F.A. in visual arts from the University of California, San Diego in 1978. In her work, Portrait of the Artist as the Virgin of Guadalupe, Lopez portrays herself, mother and grandmother as the virgin, addressing issues of female empowerment and minority mobility in the United States. Lopez contributes to the San Francisco Chicano Art Gallery, La Galería de la Raza. A solo exhibition of her work “Cactus Hearts/Barbed Wire Dreams: Media Myths and Mexicans” has appeared at several different exhibitions in California. She also produced a video entitled “When You Think of Mexico,” which addresses cultural stereotypes of Latinos in the media which she has presented across the United States. Lopez also worked as a community artist with the group Los Seis de la Raza. She has lectured at the University of California at Berkeley and San Diego in addition to teaching studio art classes.

Suggested Readings
Tom Hollister, The Story of Amy Biehl, Cyberstory, 1997 (3 December 2001)
Mcebisi Skwatsha, ANC Shocked at Death of Melanie Jacobs, African National Congress, October 26, 1999, (3 December 2001)

Websites for The Virgin of Guadalupe on the Road to Aztlan
Artwork by Yolanda Lopez
The Chicano Civil Rights Movement
The Virgin of Guadalupe
The U.S. Immigration Debate
About Yolanda Lopez
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Julie Nemecek and Bear Bergman

Gender and the Search for Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

Thursday, October 11, 2007
Gender Poster
Part I – Common Hour
“Transgender Issues” – Facilitator, Prof. Christine Talbot
12:00 p.m. – Weiss Center, Rubendall Recital Hall

Part II – “Gender and the Search for Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness”
7:00 p.m. – Stern Center, Great Room

Julie Nemecek, consultant, former associate professor and minister and S. Bear Bergman, writer, activist, performer, will use their own compelling stories and current research to discuss the barriers gender causes for the realization of the “unalienable rights” enumerated in our country’s Declaration of Independence. They will also identify key tools and actions needed to overcome those barriers. The Clarke Forum Student Board has created this program. Co-sponsored by the Office of the Dean of Students.

Issue in Context
In an article published in the September issue of the Human Relations journal, professors Stephen Linstead and Alison Pullen define “transgender” as a gender identity that goes beyond the normative binary system of male and female social representation. By this definition, transgender does not refer to sexual orientation and transgendered people may identify as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, or asexual. The American Psychological Association specifies that “sexual orientation refers to one’s attraction to men, women, both, or neither, whereas gender identity refers to one’s sense of oneself as male, female, or transgender.” Transgendered people are usually individuals who feel incomplete or disjointed from the gender identity they were ascribed at birth.
People who transition from one gender to another often face serious social and political challenges. Antidiscrimination laws in most U.S. states do not protect transgendered people from discrimination based on gender identity or gender expression. Transgendered people are often denied employment and medical care, rejected by their family and friends, and refused public services and housing. Transgendered people frequently lose custody of their children if they divorce, and fail to achieve legal recognition of their marriages.
According to several transgender rights organizations, protection against discrimination based on gender expression and sexual orientation should be guaranteed by the 1964 Civil Rights Act. It is unlawful to discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of gender in regard to hiring, termination, promotion, compensation, job training, or any other term, condition, or privilege of employment. Bills addressing discrimination based on gender identity and expression have been introduced in the legislation of 13 states, and several municipalities explicitly prohibit gender prejudice. The American Civil Liberties Union asserts that “civil rights laws are important not only because they provide remedies when discrimination occurs, but also because they discourage such discrimination from occurring at all.” However, the transgendered community has encountered severe criticism, condemnation, and opposition in its quest for equal rights. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure that the law protects transgendered Americans and that discrimination on the basis of gender identity and expression is punished.

About the Speakers
S. Bear Bergman is a writer, theater artist, and gender-jammer, who does not identify with any gender group. Bergman is also the author of the award-winning book Butch Is a Noun and three prized solo performances. Butch Is a Noun has quickly been adopted in book groups and high school and university courses. The speaker is a frequent lecturer at colleges and universities about issues relating to gender and sexuality, and has advised the staff of numerous American institutions on their policies towards transgendered and transsexual students. Bergman is also one of the five original founders of the first Gay/Straight Alliance, a frequent lecturer at high schools and colleges on the topic of making schools safe for GLBT students, and a founding commission member of what is now called the Massachusetts Safe Schools Project. Bergman was educated at the Concord Academy of Hampshire College and majored in solo performance.

Dr. Julie Nemecek is a former university professor who lost her job for following the prescribed treatment procedures for her diagnosed condition as a transsexual. Spring Arbor University, a Michigan-based Christian institution where she worked, stated that Dr. Nemecek’s decision to follow these procedures to reach some measure of harmony between mind and body was proof of “un-Christian behavior.” During this transition process, Dr. Nemecek shared her story with the local newspaper. The story was quickly picked up by the Associated Press and ultimately appeared in various media outlets including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and U.S. News and World Report. Before moving into higher education in 1990, Dr. Nemecek served for 20 years in a pastoral ministry in an inner-city Chicago church. She earned a B.A. in English from Roberts Wesleyan College and also holds a master of divinity degree with an emphasis in biblical studies from Northern Baptist Theological Seminary. Dr. Nemecek earned her Ph.D. in adult education from LaSalle University.

Related Links
S. Bear Bergman’s website
Julie Nemecek’s website
The American Psychological Association answers your questions about transgender individuals and gender identity
The Transgender Law and Policy Institute website
“Gender and multiplicity: Desire, displacement, difference and dispersion.” Human Relations. Sep. 2006; 59, 9.
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Carmencita "Chie" Abad

No More Suffering From Sweat

Tuesday, October 9, 2007ChieAbadPoster
7:00 p.m. – Stern Center, Great Room

Chie will discuss the horrible working conditions she endured in the U.S. territory of Saipan while making clothing for the Gap. In her struggle to unionize workers, she was forced to leave the island and is now working to educate Americans about inhumane factory conditions worldwide. Co-sponsored by campus academic life (first year seminars/learning communities) and the sociology department.

Issue in Context
Where did you buy the clothes you are wearing today? It is possible your clothes were made in a garment factory by underpaid women and children working in deplorable conditions. In many garment and clothing factories around the world, workers spend prolonged periods of time in dangerous settings, pressured to meet production quotas. Corporations use these “sweatshops” in their production process in order to capitalize on cheap labor costs, boost production, and pursue increased profits at the expense of the human rights and dignity of the human beings who sweat to assemble products for mass consumption.

While some limited progress has been made in establishing regulations and worker rights in some factories, a large percentage remain outside the sphere of global attention. How long will the world allow such factories to exist in their current state of substandard conditions and treatment of people?

About the Speaker
Carmencia “Chie” Abad is a former garment worker who spent six years working in a factory in the United States territory of Saipan for companies such as The Gap. During her time at the factory, Ms. Abad endured poor treatment and dangerous working conditions. Frustrated, Abad tried to organize Saipan’s first garment worker union in order to make progress towards worker rights. When her efforts were blocked by the companies, she traveled to the United States in order to teach others about the existence of “sweatshops.” For the past four years, Abad has been an advocate for the factory garment workers in Saipan and around the world. Thanks in part to her efforts, a class action lawsuit in September of 2002 called for twenty six major retailers to pay back wages to workers and take steps towards improved working conditions. While progress has been made, Abad and others are continuing their struggle.

Suggested Readings:
http://www.globalexchange.org/campaigns/sweatshops/update.html
http://www.change.net/articles/sweat.htm
http://soc.enotes.com/child-labor-article
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Jackson Katz, educator and filmmaker

Tough Guise: Violence, Media and the Crisis in Masculinity

Thursday, September 6
7:30 p.m. – Anita Tuvin Schlechter Auditorium
090607Katz
Mr. Katz explores the relationship between the social construction of masculinity and the widespread violence in American society, including the tragic shootings at Virginia Tech, Columbine, and elsewhere. Katz will provide the audience with conceptual and practical tools for reading both negative and positive media images critically, especially those connected with masculinity and violence. Co-sponsored by the sociology and anthropology departments.

Issue in Context
The past fifty years have seen serious challenges to conventional gender and sexual relations, which have reshaped people’s identities and experiences in the United States. Diversity has become more than just a statement of gender, racial, and ethnic uniqueness. People are embracing the idea of gender equality and more women are assuming positions of power and responsibility that transcend the domestic realm. Discriminated groups have been demanding their rights and claiming acceptance and visibility in society. These social movements are perceived as a threat by some men who react violently to the challenge of their dominant role. Jackson Katz points that the only field in which men still have an advantage over women is the “area of physical size and strength” which becomes paramount in proving their masculinity. This focus on force and muscle in America is borne out also in the media which has aided in shaping and solidifying the way we perceive gender. The media has reconstructed the image of a “real man” as a “tough guy”: a strong, invulnerable, and violent individual who is not afraid to prove his physical superiority. The tough guy front puts pressure on boys and men to conform to this ideal of manliness. The constant supply of images glamorizing violence and tough guy posing has had a profound impact on people’s behavior, attitudes, and choices. This phenomenon is reflected in the high rates of crime carried out generally by males against both women and men. Rampant violence in American society, as evident in the tragic school shootings in Jonesboro, or Littleton, Colorado, “needs to be understood as part of an ongoing crisis in masculinity”(Jackson Katz). Violent manhood does not have to be the norm in today’s society and change can occur by critically analyzing the current ideals of manhood, questioning their soundness, and challenging the institutions that perpetuate the myth of the “real man” as a “tough guy.”

About the Speaker
Jackson Katz has long been recognized as one of America’s leading anti-sexist male activists. An educator, author, and filmmaker, Katz is internationally recognized for his work in the field of gender violence prevention education with men and boys, particularly in the sports culture and the military. He has lectured on hundreds of college and high school campuses and has conducted hundreds of professional trainings, seminars, and workshops in the U.S., Canada, Australia, and Japan.

Katz is the co-founder of the Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP) program, the leading gender violence prevention initiative in professional and college athletics. He is the director of the first worldwide domestic and sexual violence prevention program in the United States Marine Corps. Katz is also the creator and co-creator of educational videos for college and high school students, including Tough Guise: Violence, Media, and the Crisis in Masculinity (2000), Wrestling With Manhood (2002), and Spin the Bottle: Sex, Lies, and Alcohol (2004). His new book is titled The Macho Paradox: Why Some Men Hurt Women and How All Men Can Help (2006).

Related Links
www.jacksonkatz.com Jackson Katz personal website
http://www.sportinsociety.org/vpd/mvp.php Mentors in Violence Prevention website
http://www.mediaed.org/ The Media Education Foundation – Challenging the Media
http://www.themachoparadox.com/ “The Macho Paradox – Why Some Men Hurt Women and How All Men Can Help”
http://www.xyonline.net/links.shtml Comprehensive collection of links and resources on men, gender, sexualities, and feminism

"Tough Guise: Violence, Media, and the Crisis in Masculinity" – Film Showing

Wednesday, September 5
7:00 p.m. – Stern Center, Great Room
The first educational video to systematically examine the relationship between pop-cultural imagery and the social construction of masculine identities in the United States at the dawn of the 21st century.
Jackson Katz, educator and filmmaker will present a lecture on Thursday, September 6. Click here for more information about this lecture.
For a film clip, visit http://www.mediaed.org/videos/MediaGenderAndDiversity/ToughGuise/#

Afghanistan Beyond the Burqa

Thursday, November 9, 2006
Afghanistan Beyond the Burqa
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

Afghanistan Beyond Burqa
Issue in Context
A free and compulsory education is viewed by many as one of the most fundamental of all human rights. However, at least 125 million worldwide children are denied basic education and one in three adults remain illiterate, according to the Global Campaign for Education.

Under the Taliban, basic education declined between 1996 and 2001, causing an increased percentage of illiteracy and low rate of school attendance. School curriculum was restricted, schools were destroyed and female education was banned. The government closed all of the girls’ schools in the country and prevented female teachers from working. Some girls were secretly educated in their homes by parents and teachers, others attended underground schools. In 2000, UNICEF reported that only 4% to 5% of Afghan children were being educated at the primary school level. Fewer had access to secondary and university education. By 2001, Afghanistan possessed one of the worst educational records in the world.

Since the Taliban fell from power in 2001, international efforts led by numerous countries negotiated an aid package of $4.5 billion to help rebuild Afghanistan. More than a million attend school in Afghanistan. Today, more girls attend school in Afghanistan than in the decade before the Taliban banned female education. Several hundred women have also taken the entrance exams required for admission to the University of Kabul .

The reconstruction of the Afghan educational system, however, is far from complete. There is a shortage of trained teachers at every level of education and there are still around 2 million students living in rural areas, many in refugee camps, who continue to be denied their right to education. Hostility toward girls’ education also continues.

Despite improvements, several questions must be asked: What is the current role of women in Afghanistan? What is the status of education in the country?

About the Speakers
Maryam Qudrat:
Maryam Qudrat is founder of the Afghan Institute for Development (AID) and author of Torn Between Two Cultures: An Afghan-American Woman Speaks Out. As a result of Qudrat’s knowledge on Afghanistan redevelopment, she has appeared on Paula Zahn’s NOW on CNN and was featured in the Los Angeles Times and TIME Magazine. Currently, she serves on the U.S. National Advisory Council on South Asian Affairs and as a board member of International Orphan Care(IOC). Qudrat is also a professor at California State University , Long Beach. As of April 2005, she has served as the Women’s Affairs and Social Institutions Officer in the Embassy of Afghanistan in Washington D.C.

Maryam Qudrat received a bachelor’s degree in business management from the University of Phoenix in 1997, a master’s degree in philosophy from California State University, Long Beach, and she is currently in the process of earning her doctorate in philosophy from the University of Southern California (USC).

Awista Ayub
Awista Ayub founded the Afghan Youth Sports Exchange, a non-profit organization dedicated to preparing Afghanistan’s youth with the leadership skills required to promote athletics in their schools and communities. Ms. Ayub has been featured in a number of national news publications and programs including ESPN, Glamour magazine and USA Today. Recently, Ayub was featured as an ABC News “Person of the Week.” Currently, Ms. Ayub serves as the education and health officer at the Embassy of Afghanistan in Washington, D.C. She is responsible for fostering relationships with organizations, schools, and individuals that work with education and health issues related to Afghanistan. In 2001, she received her bachelor’s degree in chemistry from the University of Rochester.

Related Links
The Embassy of Afghanistan, Washington, D.C.

Women Confronting Globalization

Wednesday, November 8, 2006
Women Confronting Globalization
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

Women Globalization

Issue in Context

Ninety percent of Mexico ‘s potable water comes from Chiapas, but many communities have no access to fresh water. Similarly, Chiapas is Mexico’s top producer of hydroelectric energy and a major producer of natural fuels, and yet most of Chiapas ‘ indigenous people live without electricity. The Zapatistas, a largely non-violent revolutionary group struggling for the autonomy of indigenous people, has spent the last two decades raising awareness of local conditions domestically and internationally. Early in the Zapatista’s history, women joined the ranks and many rose to leadership positions, eventually creating the “Revolutionary Laws of Women,” which explicitly provided for equal rights for women in Zapatista-controlled areas. While the government has made changes in Chiapas, the region still suffers.

About the Speaker
Gabriela Martinez is a sociologist, activist, and researcher who worked with the Center of Political Analysis and Social and Economic Research in Chiapas, Mexico. Martinez has focused her studies and community work on the collective rights of indigenous communities, liberation theology, and fair trade and women’s cooperatives.

Celeste Escobar will translate for Martinez at this event. Escobar, originally from Paraguay , worked with Domestic Workers United to establish fair labor standards in the domestic work industry in the state of New York . She currently serves as a collaborator and producer of “Radio Chamba” out of Chicago, which seeks to educate, inform, and denounce unfair workplace practices.

Related Links
-“Explaining the Peace in Mexico” in The Washington Post
-The Zapatista Women: The Movement from Within
-Chiapas Watch
-Schools for Chiapas Volunteer Program

From Wiseguys to Wise Men: Masculinities and the Italian American Gangster Figure

Thursday, November 2, 2006
From Wiseguys to Wise Men: Masculinities and the Italian American Gangster Figure
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

Wiseguys to Wisemen
Issue in Context
What does one associate with an Italian-American: pasta, large families, nice clothes, masculine men, and the mafia? These are some of the common stereotypes Americans have had about Italians living in the United States since they began arriving in the late 19 th century. Violence, sexism, machismo, overt sexuality and an obsession with abundance have characterized the persona of the Italian-American gangsters of yesterday in films such as The Godfather or Goodfellas. Represented as highly physical, the images of Italian men have helped construct what it meant to be an American man. The “wiseguy” character expresses both the experience of Italian immigrants and native fantasies that reveal the culture of American race, gender, and ethnicity. The wiseguy figure can be interpreted as a “trickster” character long employed as a metaphor in American literature to serve as a model of improper behavior.

About the Speaker
Fred Gardaphe is the director of the American and Italian American Studies Program at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He teaches courses in Italian American history and culture, film, and literature. Dr. Gardaphe is also the associate editor of Fra Noi, an Italian American monthly newspaper. His critically acclaimed study, “Italian Signs, American Streets: The Evolution of Italian American Narrative,” was based on his dissertation which won the Fondazione Giovanni Agnelli/Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Award in 1993. This work was also named an Outstanding Academic Book by Choice in 1996. Professor Gardaphe is also the author of Moustache Pete is Dead!: Italian American Oral Tradition Preserved in Print, and From Wiseguys to Wise Men: the Gangster and Italian American Masculinities, his most recent book. Dr. Gardaphe is currently the president of MELUS (Society for the Study of Multi Ethnic Literature of the United States), and was the president of the American Historical Association for four years. He is currently working on a memoir entitled Living with the Dead.

Related Links
http://www.xcp.bfn.org/mayo1.html

International Women's Day: Perspectives on Progress and Challenges

Wednesday, March 8th, 2006
International Women’s Day: Perspectives on Progress and Challenges
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.Womens Day

Issue in Context
International Women’s Day takes place on March 8th of each year. The celebration was created by German Socialist Klara Zetkin in 1911. On International Women’s Day in 1917, Russian women were inspired to protest the rising costs and shortages of food, the world war, and their increased suffering. After 1917, March 8 became the official date for the celebration. When feminism surged in the 1960’s, interest in the holiday revived, and in 1975 the United Nations begun to sponsor International Women’s Day. In 1981, in Santa Rosa California a National Women’s History Week was spearheaded to bring international women together. In 1987 the week was expanded to an entire month, making March National Women’s History Month. Today, women from all over the world come together annually to celebrate peace, equality, and justice. This evening’s panel will discuss progress on women’s issues as well as persistent challenges regarding women’s rights.

About the Speakers
Rae Yang is a professor of Chinese language and literature in the East Asian Studies Department at Dickinson College. She was born in China and held several positions including that of farmer and teacher. She was a graduate student at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences before moving to the U.S. She received her master’s degree from the University of Massachusetts, followed by her doctorate in 1991. She specializes in pre-modern and modern Chinese fiction and focuses on psychoanalytical criticism.

Agharese Ness works for the Administrative Office of the Pennsylvania Courts. Ness was born in Benin City, Nigeria, and she received her education from Lagos and at Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, Nigeria. She has lived in the U.S. since 1979.

Michele Levy is a senior at Dickinson College who is majoring in women’s studies and Middle Eastern studies. Last year she studied in Israel.

Lamya Al-Sakkaf is a junior from Yemen studying political science at Dickinson.

Raju Kandel, a junior from Nepal, is majoring in women’s studies.

Mara Donaldson, who will be moderating the event, is a professor of religion at Dickinson College. Donaldson received her Ph.D. from Emory University and her research is focused on such fields as contemporary religious thought as religion and art, feminist and liberation theologies, as well as popular culture and contemporary fantasy literature.
Related Links
• History of International Women’s Day
• Get Involved in International Women’s Day
• What’s the Significance of International Women’s Day?
• International Women’s Day 2006

Women and Politics

Thursday, February 9, 2006
Running as a Woman: How Stereotypes Influence the Conduct and Consequences of Political Campaigns
Weiss Center, Rubendall Recital Hall, 12:00 PM

Women, Media and Politics
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 PM

Running as a Woman

Issue in Context
Throughout the course of history, women have been the subject of oppression and countless stereotypes. Over the past few decades, general views of women have begun to change drastically. Women now are able to hold professional positions and command respect in a manner they were not able to in the early part of the century. In regards to electoral politics, however, the success of women tends to be directly correlated to stereotypical images of female candidates and the prominent issues of the day. The manner in which the general public perceives the capabilities and liabilities of today’s female candidate can greatly affect the operation and outcome of a political campaign. Additionally, stereotypes have a tendency to influence such aspects of campaigns as media coverage, the candidates’ behavior, and voters’ opinions. They may also shape the electoral climate, providing women with an advantage in some settings and a disadvantage in others.

The recent elections of female candidates around the globe combined with the emphasis of female leadership by America ‘s current administration, has revolutionized the role of women in the political sphere. Individuals must now decide how to balance traditional notions of femininity with the rapidly changing political climate of the day.
About the Speaker
Dr. Kim Fridkin is a professor of political science at Arizona State University. Dr. Fridkin began her career at ASU in 1989 after receiving her B.A., M.A., and Ph. D. from the University of Michigan . She has written articles for several periodicals including the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Politics, and the Journal of Politics. She is also the co-author of No Holds Barred: Negative Campaigning in U.S. Senate Campaigns, as well as The Spectacle of U.S. Senate Campaigns. In addition, Dr. Fridkin is the author of The Political Consequences of Being a Woman. Her current research includes negative campaigning, women and politics, and civic engagement. Dr. Fridkin serves as an editorial board member for the American Journal of Political Science, the American Political Science Review and the American Politics Quarterly.

Related Links
• Kim Fridkin
• Senator LeAnna Washington
• Representative Katie True

Women, Knowledge & Power

Tuesday, October 11, 2005
Women, Knowledge & Power
Stern Center, Great Room 7:00 P.M.

womenposter.jpg

Issue in Context
In 1833, Oberlin College became the first co-educational college in the United States. The 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote, was ratified in 1920 and Congress passed the Equal Employment Opportunity Act in 1972. In 1981, Sandra Day O’Connor became the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.

The word “feminist” first appeared in the 19th century and the modern feminist movement took off with passion in the 1960s. Yet, though the twentieth century saw a wave of progress in achieving women’s rights, many believe that women still have obstacles to overcome.

Dorothy Smith has argued forcefully that some of those obstacles lie squarely within the academy and in the nature of scholarly work and scientific research. In particular, Smith contends that commonly accepted social science models are problematic for women, and indeed for everyone, because women’s experience did not play a role in their development. Though women have made tremendous strides in the field of sociology over the past century, Smith believes that sociology (and more generally the social sciences) remains dominated by a male perspective and ideology. Thus, the mainstream concepts and theories differ in crucial ways
from women’s actual experiences in their everyday worlds.

In this lecture, Smith will focus on new research strategies that proceed from the standpoint of women, and that challenge official, objectified forms of knowledge. Smith will also consider how women can begin to rethink and reimagine their everyday lives in different terms.

About the Speaker
Dorothy Smith received her doctorate from the University of California- Berkeley in 1963. Smith is currently a professor emerita in the Department of Sociology and Equity Studies in Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, at the University of Toronto. Smith’s scholarship, including numerous books and articles, has been extremely influential, even groundbreaking, within and across several disciplines.

Her work continues to profoundly impact many sub-fields of sociology including feminist theory and methodology, sociology of knowledge, ethnography, organizational studies, and family studies and finds relevance in such disciplines as women’s studies, psychology, and educational studies.

Smith’s works include: Writing the Social: Critique, Theory, and Investigations (1999); The Conceptual Practices of Power: A Feminist Sociology of Knowledge (1990); Texts, Facts, and Femininity: Exploring the Relations of Ruling (1990); The Everyday World is Problematic: A Feminist Sociology (1987) and Feminism and Marxism: A Place to Begin, A Way to Go (1977).

Smith’s scholarship, particularly in light of its vital contribution to the discipline of sociology, has earned her numerous honors and awards including the American Sociological Association’s Career of Distinguished Scholarship Award (1999), the Jessie Bernard Award for Feminist Sociology (1993), and two awards from the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association; the Outstanding Contribution Award (1990) and the John Porter Award for The Everyday World is Problematic (1990).