Human Rights

The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family. “These rights are thought by many to be the ultimate foundation of human dignity, freedom, justice, and peace in the world.”
From the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the famine in the Congo, the genocide in Darfur, to the injustices and inequities that plague our own country, issues regarding human rights affect us all. During 2008-2009, The Clarke Forum will explore these issues in a number of different contexts and from a variety of different perspectives. In particular, we plan to address torture, terrorism, racism, sexism, homophobia, immigration, human trafficking, health care, and the right to basic human needs, including food, clothing, and housing.

Mehdi Bozorgmehr

backlash poster_web

Associate Professor of Sociology, City University of New York

Backlash 9/11

Tuesday, April 27, 2010
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

For most Americans, September 11, 2001 symbolizes the moment when their security was altered. For Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans, 9/11 also ushered in a backlash in the form of hate crimes, discrimination, and a string of devastating government initiatives. From the viewpoint of the targeted populations, the backlash spoke louder than official proclamations to the contrary. Instead of capitulating, however, organizations representing Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans mobilized to demonstrate their commitment to the United States while defending their rights. They distanced themselves from terrorists and condemned their actions; educated the public about the Middle East and the Muslim faith; and actively involved their constituents in voter-registration, know-your-rights forums, and civic and political integration activities.

This study provides the first comprehensive analysis of the impact of the post-9/11 events on Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans as well as their organized response for inclusion in America’s social, religious and political mosaic. Through fieldwork and interviews with leaders of community-based organizations across the country, the authors have researched the unfolding of this process since its inception. Backlash 9/11 introduces a new theoretical model of backlash and mobilization during times of crisis.

This event is co-sponsored by the Departments of Political Science, History, Middle East Studies, Religion, Sociology and the Community Studies Center.

About the Speaker
Mehdi Bozorgmehr is associate professor of sociology and founding co-director of the Middle East and Middle Eastern American Center (MEMEAC) at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. He is the co-author of Backlash 9/11: Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans Respond (University of California Press, 2009) with Anny Bakalian, and the co-editor of the award-winning Ethnic Los Angeles (Russell Sage, 1996) with Roger Waldinger. He presented key findings of this book at an international conference on citizenship and identity at Dickinson College in 1998. He has also published over 50 articles, book chapters and encyclopedia entries. Grants from the National Science, Russell Sage, Mellon, and Sloan foundations have supported his research projects, and from the Ford Foundation and the U.S. Department of Education his administrative and programmatic initiatives.

Recommended Reading
Anny Bakalian and Mehdi Bozorgmehr, Backlash 9/11: Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans Respond (University of California Press, 2009).
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Elaine Brown

Executive Director of the Michael Lewis Legal Defense Committee and former leader of the Black Panther Party

The Condemnation of Little B–New Age Racism in America

elaine Brown posterWednesday, September 9, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

In 1997, Michael “Little B” Lewis, a 13 year-old black adolescent, was sentenced to life imprisonment following his adult conviction for a murder Brown says he did not commit. What is the nexus between this tragedy and the relentless ramifications of slavery for black people in America, duplicitously entrenched now as a national policy of “New Age Racism?”
This program is sponsored by The Women’s Center, Department of Women’s and Gender Studies, Department of American Studies, Department of Sociology, The President’s Office of Institutional & Diversity Initiatives, and The Office of Diversity Initiatives.

Topical Background
The case of Michael Lewis, known as “Little B,” to some extent symbolizes current race relationships in the United States. At 13 years old, Lewis was arrested, tried and convicted as an adult for a murder that Brown believes he did not commit. Lewis was subsequently sentenced to life in prison. This case is an indirect reflection of the state of race relations in the U.S., as indicated by the following set of statistics.

Statistics from the NAACP’s Fact Sheets:

• One-half of the U.S. population will be non-white by 2050 (U.S. Census Bureau).
• In 2005 there were 530,000 black males age 18-24 in college; that same year there were 193,000 black males age 18-24 in prison (Bureau of Justice Statistics and the U.S. Census Bureau).
• The average African-American family median income was $30,858 compared to $50,784 for non-Hispanic Caucasian families (2005 U.S. Census Bureau report).
• While African Americans make up about 13% of the U.S. population, they own just 3% of the assets. The average total net worth of white families is $70,000 compared to just $6,000 for African-American families (2005 U.S. Census Bureau report).
• African Americans are twice as likely to be unemployed as the average American (2005 Bureau of Labor Statistics).
• In 2005, 19.5 percent of African Americans compared to 11.2 percent of non-Hispanic Whites did not have health insurance (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services).

Biography (provided by the speaker)

• Elaine Brown is a former leader of the Black Panther Party, and author of A Taste of Power and The Condemnation of Little B. A Taste of Power was optioned in January 2007 by HBO in connection with its six-part series The Black Panthers, now in development.

• Brown is presently co-authoring For Reasons of Race and Belief, The Trials of Jamil Al-Amin (formerly H. Rap Brown) with Karima Al-Amin (for 2010 publication by Basic Books), and is completing the non-fiction book Melba and Al, A Story of Black Love in Jim Crow America, slated for publication in 2009 (Seven Stories Press). She is the editor of Messages from Behind the Wall, a collection of autobiographical essays by black prisoners in New Mexico, published in February 2007 by the New Mexico Department of African American Affairs.

• In 1996, after living seven years in France, Brown moved to Atlanta, Georgia, where she established the nonprofit education corporation Fields of Flowers. In 1997, Brown co-founded Mothers Advocating Juvenile Justice, and, in 2002, co-founded and became a Board member of the National Alliance for Radical Prison Reform. Presently, Brown is a member of the Georgia Geechee Council, a partner in Seize the Time, Inc., a member of the Committee to Free Romaine “Chip” Fitzgerald, and a partner in The Toubakolong Partnership (The Gambia).

• In November 2005, Brown ran for mayor of Brunswick, Georgia, with the intent of using the office to create a base of economic power for the city’s majority black and poor population through redistribution of the massive revenues of the city’s port. She is co-founder of the Brunswick Women’s Association for a People’s Blueprint.

• Brown is Executive Director of the Michael Lewis Legal Defense Committee, supporting the legal appeal of Lewis (“Little B”), who, arrested at the age of 13 for a murder he did not commit, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison (1997).

• Brown regularly lectures at colleges and universities throughout the country on “New Age Racism” and realization of the vision of eliminating racism, gender oppression and class disparity toward an inclusive and egalitarian world society.

• A fluent French speaker, Brown has traveled extensively throughout the world, from China, North Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, Algeria to France, Italy, Russia, Argentina, Uruguay, and elsewhere.

• Brown, who studied classical piano for years, has recorded two albums of original songs, one for Motown records, Until We’re Free, and her 1969 album, Seize the Time, which includes “The Black Panther Party National Anthem” (The Meeting), re-released as a CD in January 2007 by Warner Bros.

• Brown grew up in the ghettos of North Philadelphia, and is the mother of one adult daughter, Ericka Abram.

• Brown has attended Temple University, UCLA, Mills College and Southwestern University School of Law.

• Brown’s papers have been acquired by Emory University.
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Dr. Michael Walzer

Professor Emeritus at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University and Author

Walzer Poster

Just and Unjust Wars

Wednesday, February 4, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

What are the underlying principles that distinguish just from unjust wars? In particular, how do the principles of proportionality and responsibility apply to situations of asymmetric warfare, such as the recent violence in the Gaza Strip?

Topical Background
Just War Theory has two dimensions: jus ad bellum and jus in bellum. The former refers to the justification for war while the latter refers to the conduct of war. A major issue regarding both dimensions is the principle of proportionality. This principle requires that the benefits of the war must be proportional to its expected harms and that the force used must be proportional to the wrong suffered and the possible anticipated benefit. The number of civilian casualties has an important bearing on the principle of proportionality.

Other dimensions of jus ad bellum include legitimate authority, intention, and last resort. Additional dimensions of jus in bellum involve distinction and military necessity. Distinction requires that force be directed solely at enemy combatants instead of non-combatant civilians. The concept of military necessity dictates that an attack or an offensive must be for the purpose of a specific military objective.

The Hague Conventions in the early 1900’s and the Geneva Conventions of 1949 attempted to codify just war theory into international law – particularly the dimension of jus in bellum.

However, certain commentators reject the assumptions of just war theory. Two such views, polar opposites from one another, are known as “militarism” and “pacifism.” Militarism views war as having beneficial social consequences. Pacifism views any type of war as morally wrong. Another viewpoint is realism, which holds that morality is subjective and that it cannot be applied to international relations.

About the Speaker
Michael Walzer has written about a wide variety of topics in political theory and moral philosophy: political obligation, just and unjust war, nationalism and ethnicity, economic justice and the welfare state. He has played a part in the revival of a practical, issue-focused ethics and in the development of a pluralist approach to political and moral life. He is currently working on the toleration and accommodation of “difference” in all its forms and also on a (collaborative) project focused on the history of Jewish political thought.

Michael Walzer is a professor emeritus at the Institute for Advanced Study located in Princeton, New Jersey. In addition, he is co-editor of the political-intellectual quarterly, Dissent. To date he has published 27 books and over 300 articles. Walzer has served on the faculty of both Princeton University and Harvard University. He graduated summa cum laude from Brandeis University with a B.A. in history. He studied at the University of Cambridge on a Fulbright Fellowship and later completed his doctoral work at Harvard, earning his Ph.D. in government.

Dr. Michael Walzer is also an author of many renowned books in ethics and political philosophy, including Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, Arguing about War, Thinking Politically: Essays in Political Theory, Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality, and On Toleration.

Related Links
Human Rights Watch: http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2008/12/31/q-hostilities-between-israel-and-hamas

Stephen Erlanger of the New York Times:
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/17/world/middleeast/17israel.html?emc=eta1

Violence in Gaza: A Panel Discussion

Thursday, January 22, 2009
The Depot – 7:00 p.m.

Panelists:
David Commins, Benjamin Rush distinguished chair in liberal arts and sciences and professor of history at Dickinson College
Itzchak Weismann, visiting assistant professor of history at Dickinson on leave from the University of Haifa in Israel
Sherifa D. Zuhur, research professor of Islamic and Regional Studies, U. S. Army War College
Moderated by Ed Webb, assistant professor of political science and international studies at Dickinson
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Euthanasia: Whose Right to Die is It?

Monday, April 13, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.
Euthanasia Poster

“Continuing the Conversation” will be held
immediately following the presentation, Stern 102.

Dr. Greg Lewis, Carlisle physician
Carol Poenisch, daughter Dr. Kevorkian’s 19th patient
Linda Smith, hospice nurse
Jim Hoefler, Dickinson professor of political science and policy studies

A panel discussion reflecting diverse perspectives, viewpoints, and experiences regarding physician-assisted suicide.

This program was created by the Clarke Forum Student Board.

Topical Background
In the 1990 case of Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, the Supreme Court addressed the question of whether American citizens have a constitutional “right to die.” The Court ruled, in a 5-4 decision, that “the Fourteenth Amendment provides that no State shall ‘deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.’ The principle that a competent person has a constitutionally protected liberty interest in refusing unwanted medical treatment may be inferred from our prior decisions.” “Accordingly, the liberty guaranteed by the Due Process Clause must protect, if it protects anything, an individual’s deeply personal decision to reject medical treatment, including the artificial delivery of food and water.”

Seven years later, in the cases of Washington v. Glucksberg and Quill v. Vacco, the Supreme Court considered the issue of physician-assisted suicide for a terminally ill individual. In both cases the Court ruled that a state could prohibit physician-assisted suicide. However, the Court also ruled that nothing in the Constitution prevented states from allowing physician-assisted suicide. Oregon and Washington have both enacted statutes allowing physician-assisted suicide. Furthermore, the Court ruled that “a patient who is suffering from terminal illness and who is experiencing great pain has no legal barriers to obtaining medication, from qualified physicians, to alleviate that suffering, even to the point of causing unconsciousness and hastening death.”

It is important to note the distinction between physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia. Physician-assisted suicide is the practice of a patient actively causing his or her death while the physician only provides the means. Euthanasia, however, involves the physician providing the means and actively causing the death of the terminally ill patient.

About the Panelists
Greg Lewis, M.D.
Dr. Lewis is currently a gastroenterologist with his own practice in Carlisle, the Carlisle Digestive Disease Associates, Ltd. In the past he has served as an adjunct professor of biomedical ethics at Dickinson College. Dr. Lewis served for two decades as the chair of the Carlisle Regional Medical Center’s biomedical ethics committee. In addition to his medical credentials, he also recently earned a Master’s degree in philosophy.

Carol Poenisch
Ms. Poenisch’s mother, Merian Frederick, was Jack Kevorkian’s 19th physician-assisted suicide patient. Shortly thereafter, Michigan charged Dr. Kevorkian with murder for her death. In 1998, soon after the trial that acquitted Dr. Kevorkian for her death, Ms. Poenisch and two physicians formed Merian’s Friends, an organization dedicated to changing law through an initiative to legalize physician aid in dying in Michigan. Currently, she is assisting with the production of a documentary on the subject, “Last Rights: Facing End-of-Life Choices.”

Linda Smith
Ms. Smith served as Hospice director for Comfort Care Hospice from 1997-2001. Prior to that, she served as Hospice coordinator at Carlisle Hospital from 1982-1997. Her career has consisted of almost forty years in the medical field as a registered nurse with a concentration on end-of-life issues.

Jim Hoefler, Ph.D.
Professor Hoefler is a professor of political science and policy management at Dickinson College. His current research focuses on end-of-life decision making and the right to die. Professor Hoefler has written two books on the subject of death and managing death and is currently studying palliative sedation as an end-of-life option.
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Kevin Bales

Author and President of Free the Slaves

The End of Slavery

Kevin Bales PosterTuesday, April 7, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

The world’s leading expert on contemporary slavery will share his vision on how to end slavery in our time. Co-sponsored by the Department of Political Science.

Topical Background
According to human rights organizations, scholars, government agencies and journalists, slavery exists in virtually every country of the world and in almost every U.S. state. A growing antislavery movement has been hard at work documenting and exposing this troubling discovery.

Although slavery is illegal in every country of the world, it is estimated that there are more slaves today than ever before: 27 million, which is twice as many as the number of Africans enslaved during the four centuries of the transatlantic slave trade.

Slavery has evolved since the American Civil War when antebellum slavery meant that one person was owned completely by another and could be inherited as property. Today’s slavery, however, is defined as one person forcing another to work without pay, by the use of violence or psychological manipulation.

The different types of slavery that still persist today are:

•Chattel Slavery, where slaves are considered their masters’ property – exchanged for things like trucks or money and expected to perform labor and sexual favors. Chattel slavery is typically racially-based.
•Debt Bondage is the most widely practiced form of slavery around the world. Staggering poverty forces many parents to offer themselves or their own children as collateral against a loan.
•Sex Slavery finds women and children forced into prostitution. An estimated 2 million women and children are sold into sex slavery around the world every year.
•Forced Labor often results when individuals are lured by the promise of a good job, but instead find themselves enslaved – working without pay and enduring physical abuse, often in harsh and hazardous conditions.

About the Speaker
Kevin Bales is president of Free the Slaves, the U.S. sister organization of Anti-Slavery International (the world’s oldest human rights organization), and professor of sociology at Roehampton University in London.

Bales’ book Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy, published in 1999, was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, and has now been published in ten other languages. Archbishop Desmond Tutu called it “a well researched, scholarly and deeply disturbing exposé of modern slavery.” In 2006, his work was named one of the top “100 World-Changing Discoveries” by the association of British universities. A documentary based on his work, which he co-wrote, Slavery: A Global Investigation, won the Peabody Award in 2000 and two Emmy Awards in 2002.

In 2005, he was awarded the Laura Smith Davenport Human Rights Award. He is a trustee of Anti-Slavery International and was a consultant to the United Nations Global Program on Trafficking of Human Beings. Bales has been invited to advise the U.S., British, Irish, Norwegian, and Nepali governments, as well as the governments of the Economic Community of West African States, on the formulation of policy on slavery and human trafficking.

He recently edited an Anti-Human Trafficking Toolkit for the United Nations, and published, with the Human Rights Center at Berkeley, a report on forced labor in the U.S.A., and completed a two-year study of human trafficking into the U.S. for the National Institute of Justice. He is working with the chocolate industry to remove child and slave labor from the product chain, and writing on contemporary slavery. His book Ending Slavery, a roadmap for the global eradication of slavery, was published in September 2007. He is currently editing a collection of modern slave narratives, and co-writing a book on slavery in the United States with Ron Soodalter. He gained his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics.

Related Links
Bloomberg Slavery.pdf
Social Psych of Slavery.pdf
the-slave-next-door-book-description.pdf
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Nadine Strossen

Former President of the American Civil Liberties Union (1991-2008)

Morgan Lecture

Challenges to Civil Liberties

Nadine Strossen PosterThursday, April 2, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

An interactive and informal conversation with the former ACLU president concerning current and future threats and challenges to civil liberties.

Co-sponsored by Department of Sociology, Department of Political Science, Office of Dean of Students, Women’s Center and Career Center.

Topical Background
In reaction to the 9/11 attacks, the Bush administration enacted a series of strong counter-terrorism measures. These policies included aggressive detention procedures, extraordinary rendition of prisoners to various countries, harsh interrogation tactics, and a sweeping domestic and international surveillance policy. While these anti-terrorist policies were all pursued in the name of protecting the country, some contended that they represented a serious threat to civil liberties. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the nation’s oldest and largest civil liberties organization, vigorously opposed these policies from their inception, fighting them in courtrooms and legislative bodies, with varying levels of success.

Both supporters and opponents of former President Bush are closely watching the Obama Administration to see what policies he will pursue in the ongoing war on terrorism. President Obama has already made significant changes, such as his executive order closing the U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay within a year and his order prohibiting the C.I.A. from using coercive interrogation methods. Will Obama’s policies in the war on terrorism be consistent with civil liberties? Can the new administration adequately protect the country from future terrorist attacks without infringing upon traditional civil liberties?

About the Speaker
Nadine Strossen served as president of the ACLU from January 1991 to October 2008. The first woman to hold this prominent position, Strossen has written, lectured and practiced extensively in constitutional law, civil liberties and international human rights. Her writing includes over 300 articles in scholarly journals and general interest publications. The New York Times listed her book, Defending Pornography: Free Speech, Sex, and the Fight for Women’s Rights, as a “Notable Book” of 1995. The Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in North America named her co-authored book, Speaking of Race, Speaking of Sex: Hate Speech, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties an “outstanding book.”

Currently a professor of law at New York Law School, Strossen makes approximately 200 public presentations per year before diverse audiences, and she also comments frequently on legal issues for the national media. Strossen also is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a nonpartisan organization that strives to promote a better understanding of the role the United States should play in the world.

Strossen was twice named one of America’s “100 Most Influential Lawyers” by the National Law Journal. Other recognitions include Working Woman Magazine’s “350 Women Who Changed the World 1976-1996,” and Vanity Fair Magazine’s “America’s 200 Most Influential Women” in 1998. In addition to these tributes, Strossen also was awarded the Media Institute’s “Freedom of Speech Award” and the National Council of Jewish Women’s “Women Who Dared Award.”

She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Harvard College in 1972 and magna cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1975, where she was editor of the Harvard Law Review.
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Alicia Partnoy

Author and Human Rights Activist from Argentina

Alicia Partnoy Poster

Writing and the Disappeared of Latin America

Monday, March 30, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

A survivor’s perspective on the role of the writer in the struggle against feminicide and the “disappearing” of political dissidents in Latin America.

Co-sponsored by Latin American Studies, Department of Spanish & Portuguese, and First-Year Seminars.

Topical Background
After Perón’s death in 1974, the Argentinean government was left in the hands of his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, who empowered the military and the police to eradicate subversion. In 1976, a military junta seized power in Argentina and carried on a seven-year campaign against individuals who opposed it. Many people were kidnapped and taken to secret detention centers where they were tortured and eventually killed.

Human rights groups in Argentina estimate the number of “disappeared” to be close to 30,000. Many of these were peaceful citizens, writers, workers, and housewives not involved in politics. The dictatorship forced many individuals into exile, especially intellectuals, artists, and political activists. Between 1970 and 1985, nearly half a million citizens left Argentina for other Latin American countries, the United States, Canada, Australia and Europe, especially Spain.

About the SpeakerAlicia Partnoy Photo

Alicia Partnoy is a survivor of the secret detention camps. She is the author of The Little School: Tales of Disappearance and Survival, Little Low Flying (Volando bajito), and Revenge of the Apple (Venganza de la manzana). From 2003 to 2006, she was the co-editor of Chicana/Latina Studies: the Journal of Mujeres Activas en Letras y Cambio Social. Her work has been published in numerous anthologies, and in journals in the U.S.A and abroad.

Partnoy, former vice-chair of Amnesty International, is an associate professor at Loyola Marymount University. She also presides over Proyecto VOS-Voices of Survivors, an organization that brings survivors of state sponsored violence to lecture at U.S. universities.

Related Links
http://www.desaparecidos.org/fedefam/eng.html
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/argentina.htm

Loretta Ross

Founding Member and National Coordinator of SisterSong

Loretta Ross Poster

Is Choice a Human Right? Reproductive Justice in the U.S.

Wednesday, March 25, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

Co-sponsored by the Department of American Studies.

Topical Background
Some consider a safe and healthy birth a human right. In the U.S., however, it is not a right that is fully protected for all women, especially women of color. African American women die during childbirth three to four times more often than white women.

SisterSong Women’s Health Collective is an organization attempting to limit needless deaths by shifting the focus of reproductive justice to the oppression women encounter during child birth through “their bodies, sexuality, labor and reproduction.” As the organization’s motto states, SisterSong is committed to “doing collectively what we cannot do individually.”

SisterSong began in 1997, with a grant from the Ford Foundation, and provides access to health services, along with relevant information and resources that are culturally and linguistically appropriate. In an effort to achieve reproductive justice, this collective works to “strengthen and amplify the collective voices of indigenous women and women of color” through public policy work, advocacy, service delivery and health education within our communities on the local, national and international levels.

About the Speaker
Loretta Ross is the national coordinator of SisterSong Women’s Health Collective. Formerly, she was the founder and executive director of the National Center for Human Rights Education in Atlanta, Georgia and the co-director of the April 25, 2004 March for Women’s Lives in Washington D.C., the largest protest march in U.S. history with more than one million participants.

Ms. Ross has published numerous works including a co-authored book entitled Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice, which was awarded the Myers Outstanding Book Award by the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Bigotry and Human Rights. She also has appeared as a political commentator on Good Morning America and CNN. Loretta Ross is a graduate of Agnes Scott College and holds an honorary doctorate of Civil Law from Arcadia University.
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Chuck Cosson ’88

Senior Policy Counsel, Microsoft, Author, and Metzger-Conway Fellow

Chuck Cosson Poster

Free the Internet?

Tuesday, March 3, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

Governments around the world are pressuring internet-related companies to comply with local laws that arguably conflict with internationally recognized human rights of freedom of expression and privacy. How should companies like Microsoft respond

Topical Background
In the early 1960s, the United States government wanted to create a network that would allow officials to exchange classified scientific and military information on research and development. With concerns about the Cold War and a fear of the Soviet Union’s technological capabilities, those in command needed a communications system that would function during and after a nuclear attack.

In response to this situation, the government established the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to develop a “galactic” computer network. Officially called ARPANET, this new system employed the theory of packet switching, where encoded messages are broken up into small pieces and transmitted over a channel, which formed the basis of internet connections. At first, ARPANET was connected to only four major computers at universities in the western United States (UCLA, Stanford Research Institute, UCSB, and the University of Utah). Initially limited to only research, education and government purposes, it would take the next 20 years for the internet to adapt to commercial and personal use.

Today, it is difficult to imagine life without the internet. In 2008, 74 percent of the population of the United States and 22 percent of the population of the world used the internet. The basic networking system has morphed into the largest and most complex communication device in history.

About the Speaker?Chuck Cosson Photo

Chuck Cosson ’88, senior policy counsel at Microsoft Corporation, is an advisor on public policy matters. Cosson contributes in a number of substantive areas; including children’s safety, free expression/human rights, telecoms/media policy, and regulation of new media services. He also supports Microsoft’s policy communications work and its citizenship and corporate social responsibility initiatives, with an emphasis on privacy, safety and security.

Prior to joining Microsoft in 2004, Cosson was vice president for public policy in Vodafone’s Americas/Asia region, where he led the company’s public policy efforts in the U.S. and contributed to policy and corporate social responsibility work in China, Japan, Mexico, Canada and Brazil. He was also chair of the policy team at the Liberty Alliance. Before Vodafone, Cosson worked on public policy matters at AirTouch Communications and at the United States Telephone Association in Washington, D.C.

Cosson has published a novel entitled Whitewash, a political satire written under the pseudonym Erik Blair. Cosson graduated cum laude with a B.A. in philosophy from Dickinson College and received a J.D., with honors, from the George Washington University law school.

This event is co-sponsored by the Office of College Relations.

Suggesting Readings

Reluctant Gatekeepers
Yahoo Shi Tao Lessons
Global Network Initiative Principals
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Michael Scheuer

Bestselling Author and Former Head of the CIA’s bin Laden Unit

Michael Scheuer Poster

Marching Toward Hell

Thursday, February 12, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

“Continuing the Conversation” immediately following the presentation, Stern 102

What policies should the Obama administration pursue with regard to Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Iran in the ongoing war against terrorism?

Topical Background
On September 20, 2001, President Bush officially launched the controversial “Global War on Terrorism”. “Our war on terror begins with al-Qaeda,” Bush proclaimed, “but it does not end there. It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated.”

Terrorism was defined in the first National Strategy for Combating Terrorism, published in February 2003, as “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents.”

The Bush administration initially identified two primary objectives in its “Global War on Terrorism”: to stop terrorist attacks against the United States, its citizens, its interests, and our friends and allies around the world and to create an international environment inhospitable to terrorists and all those who support them.

About the SpeakerMichael Scheuer Photo
Michael Scheuer worked at the CIA on national security issues related to Islamic extremism for 22 years. From 1996 to 1999 he served as the chief of the bin Laden Unit in the CIA’s
Counterterrorist Center. He also served as the unit’s senior adviser from 2001 to 2004. Scheuer is currently a news analyst for CBS News and a terrorism analyst for The Jamestown Foundation’s online publication Global Terrorism Analysis.

Scheuer is the author of the New York Times and Washington Post bestseller Imperial Hubris: Why the West is Losing the War on Terror, Through Our Enemies’ Eyes: Osama bin Laden, Radical Islam, and the Future of America, as well as From Pandora’s Box: America and Militant Islam After Iraq. His most recent book is Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq. A 1974 graduate of Canisius College, Scheuer holds master’s degrees from Niagara University (1976) and Carleton University (1981), and a Ph.D. from the University of Manitoba (1986).
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Ruthann Russo ’80

Author, Ph.D., JD, MPH, RHIT and Metzger-Conway Fellow

Russo Poster

7 Steps to Your Best Possible Healthcare

Wednesday, February 11, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

Book signing to follow.

President Obama has reviewed Dr. Russo’s book and provided supportive testimony for her work regarding how Americans can be proactive in their healthcare planning for themselves and their loved ones. Ruthann Russo Picture

The U.S. healthcare system is complex and challenging, but positive steps can be taken. Dr. Russo’s book, 7 Steps to Your Best Possible Healthcare, was reviewed by President Obama and he provided supportive testimony for her work. The following is a brief outline of the book:

•Step 1: Create Your Vision. Learn to develop a plan for your healthcare and health status using your own values, vision, and mission statements.

•Step 2: Own Your Story. Be informed about your medical records or healthcare biography.

•Step 3: Build Your Relationships. Be aware of your rights and responsibilities as a patient and learn how to improve communication between you and your physicians and other members of your healthcare team.

•Step 4: Assess Quality. Define exactly what quality in healthcare means to you and learn how to use internet-based tools to assess the quality of your healthcare providers and your health plan.

•Step 5: Understand the People. Identify the different types of healthcare providers, how they are educated, and what they do. Be aware of complementary and alternative medicine options and the providers who practice them.

•Step 6: Know the Places. Learn about the many different locations where you can receive healthcare, as well as the difference between teaching and non-teaching hospitals.

•Step 7: Learn the Language. Learn the most common medical terminology, phrases, and abbreviations and learn about resources to find more information on health topics.

Co-sponsored by the Carlisle Area Health and Wellness Foundation, Human Resource Services and Office of College Relations.

Suggested Readings
http://www.7stepshealth.com/
http://www.healthmapforms.com/
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Dan Fishback

New York Theater Artist

Dan Fishback Poster

You Never Get to Make Out

Thursday, February 5, 2009
Mathers Theatre – 7:00 p.m.

Dan Fishback is queer and Jewish and can’t tell the difference between the two. In his new talk, “You Never Get To Make Out,” the performance artist wonders why life in the shadow of death and destruction is so genuinely hilarious. Through a combination of humorous anecdotes and serious intellectual analysis, Fishback paints a portrait of post-Holocaust, post-80s-AIDS anxiety in an age of irony and detachment. Based largely on his new play, “You Will Experience Silence,” Fishback created this informal talk as a way to casually discuss philosophical issues without the dramatic pretenses of character, set design and heavy lighting equipment. Called “a cross between Woody Allen and Karen Finley,” his boisterous presence serves as a bridge between contemporary indie sensibility and classic Jewish humor.

Fishback with Boxes Fishback with Pig
Dan Fishback has been making surreal, political queer theater in NYC since 2003. His current work is being supported by the Six Points Fellowship for Emerging Jewish Artists. His past theater projects have been performed at Galapagos Art Space, Dixon Place, Brooklyn Arts Exchange, and many other New York venues. In 2007, he sat on the review panel of the Foundation for Jewish Culture’s New Jewish Theater Projects grant. Fishback’s writing has been published nationally, including an essay in “Mentsh: On Being Jewish and Queer” (Alyson Books, 2004). Fishback’s band, Cheese On Bread, has toured Europe and North America, and recently released their new album, The Search for Colonel Mustard, in the United States and Japan. As a solo artist, he has released several recordings, and will drop his new full length studio album, Mammal, in 2009. He has shared stages with Ani Difranco and Kimya Dawson as part of the punk dance troupe Underthrust.

Co-sponsored by the Office of Institutional and Diversity Initiatives, English Department, and Milton B. Asbell Center for Jewish Life.

Suggested Readings
“The Elusive Embrace” by Daniel Mendelsohn
“Close to the Knives” by David Wojnarowicz
“The Pleasure of the Text” by Roland Barthes

Generation Next and the 2008 Election

Generation Next PosterThursday, January 29, 2009
Anita Tuvin Schlechter Auditorium – 7:30 p.m.

Jeff Milstein, senior broadcast producer
Scott Keeter, director of Survey Research at Pew Research Center
Adora Mora, documentary participant
Moderated by Judy Woodruff, award-winning PBS journalist

What role did young Americans play in electing the first African-American president in the historic 2008 election?

Co-sponsored by the Office of Dean of Students, and Vice-President for Enrollment and College Relations.

View the PBS Generation Next documentary.
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Glenn Greenwald – EVENT CANCELLED

Bestselling Author and a Contributing Writer at Salon.com

Greenwald Poster

Restoring Human Rights After Bush

Tuesday, January 27, 2009
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

What must President Barack Obama do to reverse former President Bush’s assault on our basic constitutional framework, reaffirm core American values, and protect basic human rights?

Co-sponsored by the Department of Political Science.

Anthony Bonanno ’68

LL.M., Partner London Office Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher; Metzger-Conway

Fellow

Human Rights: An Analysis of Saudi Arabia and the Impact of Islam

Bonanno PosterMonday, November 24, 2008
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

Using Saudi Arabia as a case study, this talk will explore human rights in the Middle East from the perspective of the Muslim world and Sharia law. Particular attention will be paid to capital punishment, sexism, homophobia, immigration, divorce and inheritance.

Topical Background
Saudi Arabia is ruled by the Saudi royal family within a framework that is based on sharia law. Sharia law, in turn, is derived from the Qur’an, other religious texts of Islam, interpretations and precedents. Elements of sharia law, in some ways, stand in opposition to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations in 1948. The practice of sharia law in Saudi Arabia has witnessed the oppression of minority groups, including religious and sexual minorities. In particular, women’s rights are often a point of contention because of the extent to which gender-based discrimination pervades Saudi society. These problems and concerns reappear in many other countries of the Middle East.

Samuel Huntington’s “Clash of Civilizations” concept is certainly worth considering when examining the relationship between the United States and the Middle East, specifically Saudi Arabia. Although there have been improvements in Human Rights in the Middle East, certain dimensions of Islamic fundamentalism remain in tension with Western understandings of
Human Rights.

About the Speaker
Anthony Bonanno '68 is a U.S. partner at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. His area of concentration – international taxation – has focused on many areas but especially the structuring of business activities throughout Europe, the Middle East and the United States and taxation of U.S. businesses and individuals abroad. Mr. Bonanno primarily advises Middle Eastern clients on their worldwide investments, including Islamic Arab financial institutions.

Mr. Bonanno has also spent time in Washington D.C., as an adjunct Professor of Law in International Taxation at Georgetown University Law School, and he currently teaches International Tax at Notre Dame University Law School’s London Branch. Mr. Bonanno graduated from Dickinson in 1968 and is returning to Dickinson as the Metzger Conway fellow. Anthony Bonanno lectured Dickinson students and Political Science Professor Doug Stuart about Human Rights in the Middle East in Bologna, Italy last month and his talk was very well-received.
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Election 2008: The Press and the Profundity of Race

Pamela Newkirk, associate professor of journalism, New York University

Pamela Newkirk PosterTuesday, November 11, 2008
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

Co-sponsored by the Andrews Fund.

Reception to follow sponsored by the Central PA Alumni Club.

Topical Background

In one of the most electrified and contested presidential elections in history, the American public faced daily bombardment of the latest statistics, allegations and controversies for more than a year by pollsters, pundits, analysts and journalists alike. But what was the role of race in the media coverage of the 2008 presidential election, and how might it have shaped popular opinion or fueled racial divisions?

Religion, race and gender have always played significant roles in America’s development. To say that the 2008 presidential election was historic is now a cliché. President-elect Barack Obama confronted (and continues to face) the issues of race that were left unresolved by our founding fathers and has persisted as a malignancy in the body politic ever since.
The media reported on an issue that has been debated for decades in elections featuring Black candidates: the “Bradley effect.” Tom Bradley was a former African-American mayor of Los Angeles who narrowly lost the 1982 California governor’s race to Republican George Deukmejian despite pre-election polls showing him ahead by large margins. Reporters openly speculated that this might occur in the fiery 2008 election.
Experts are likely to analyze this year’s election in an effort to better understand race and racism in the United States. A portion of those discussions will center on the media’s coverage of the election.

About the Speaker
Pamela Newkirk is an associate professor of journalism at New York University and the author of Within the Veil: Black Journalists, White Media, which was awarded the National Press Club Award for Media Criticism. Her articles have appeared in numerous publications, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Media Studies Journal, and The Nation.
Prior to joining the faculty at New York University, Professor Newkirk worked at four different newsrooms, including New York Newsday, where she was part of a Pulitzer-Prize-winning reporting team. Her forthcoming book, Letters From Black America, will be published in February 2009. In the classroom and in her research, she concentrates on urban issues, politics, and the history of minorities in the media.
Newkirk received her bachelor’s degree in Journalism from New York University, her Master’s in Journalism from Columbia University where she is also a doctoral candidate.
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What Happened and Why? Election Wrap Up

Luke Bernstein ’01, Executive Director of the PA State Republican Party

Mary Isenhour, Executive Director of the PA State Democratic Party

Election Wrap up PosterThursday, November 6, 2008
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

“Continuing the Conversation” session following the program in Stern Center, Room 102. Refreshments sponsored by the Central PA Alumni Club.

The session to be moderated by James Hoefler, Political Science Department.

The race for president will surely take many interesting and unexpected twists and turns as the fall campaign season rolls on toward Election Day, November 4. Pennsylvania is traditionally one of the “must have” swing states and its 21 Electoral College votes promise to be among the most contested prizes in the county again this year. Join us for a session with two ultimate insiders for some insightful analysis of what happened and why.

About the Speakers

Luke Bernstein ’01, executive director of the Pennsylvania State Republican Party, worked last year with former Senator Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania and guided the state GOP to many critical and successful wins in 2007. During the 2008 presidential race, he worked within the Republican Party to promote Republican Presidential candidate, Senator John McCain.

Mary Isenhour, executive director of the Pennsylvania State Democratic Party, served as director of the Coordinated Campaign for the re-election of Governor Ed Rendell and Senator Bob Casey in 2006. She was also a senior advisor to T.J. Rooney during his time as Party chairman and member of PA House of Representatives. Most recently, the first item on her agenda was to help Senator Barack Obama win the White House.

In the spring of 2008, Bernstein and Isenhour, the two people who ran the day-to-day operations of Pennsylvania’s Democratic and Republican parties, came together to teach a class on the presidential election at Dickinson College. Tonight they are together once again to discuss the very recent result of a charged horse race to Pennsylvania Avenue.
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What Voters Need to Know: The Implications for Domestic Policy

Election PosterThursday, October 30, 2008
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

A panel of Dickinson College professors will examine U.S. domestic policy to better understand the challenges Senator Obama or McCain will face if elected. Student representatives from College Democrats and College Republicans will ask questions of the panelists prior to the general question and answer session.

Topical Background
A country’s domestic policy is a set of guidelines which outline how the federal government will direct its internal affairs (the everyday lives of its citizens and their communities). The growth of transnational issues means that very few issues today are considered solely the province of domestic policy. However, topics such as the health care system, including both Medicare and Medicaid, the state of the economy and job creation, the rise of gas prices, the debate over illegal immigration, the educational system, the regulation of business and industry, and the protection of civil liberties have all been debated throughout the 2008 presidential election because their impact is visible and immediate for many American voters. More recently, attention has centered on the financial crisis, which has produced a credit freeze that many fear could result in an economic depression. A panel of Dickinson College faculty will explore these issues to provide a deeper understanding of the challenges facing the next U.S. president.

Panelists:
Michael Heiman – Professor of Environmental Studies and Geography
Stephanie Gilmore – Assistant Professor of Women’s Studies
David Sarcone – Professor of International Business and Management
Dan Kenney – Instructor in Political Science
Stephanie Larson – moderator – Professor of Political Science
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What Voters Need to Know: Implications for International Policy

Election Poster

Panel Discussion with Dickinson Faculty

Tuesday, October 28, 2008
Stern Center, Great Room – 7:00 p.m.

A panel of Dickinson College faculty will examine United States foreign relations to better understand the policy environment Senators Barack Obama or John McCain will face after the elections. Students representatives from College Democrats and College Republicans will ask questions of the panelists prior to a general question and answer session.

Topical Background
A country’s foreign policy is a set of guidelines which outline how the country will interact with other state and non-state actors economically, politically, socially and militarily. In our globalized world, an understanding of the important foreign policy issues in a presidential election is essential. Issues of this type that have been repeatedly discussed in the 2008 presidential race include the United States’ military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, terrorism, nuclear weapons proliferation, energy independence and global climate change, and the rise of new powers such as China and a resurgent Russia. When these security issues are combined with questions of diplomacy, such as U.S. relations with the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU), international trade policy, foreign aid, and the perception of America’s image abroad, the purpose of tonight’s event becomes clear: it is not easy to become an educated voter. A panel of Dickinson College faculty will explore these issues to provide a deeper understanding of the challenges facing the next U.S. president.

Panelists:
Neil Diamant – Professor of Political Science and Asian Law and Society
Ed Webb – Professor of Political Science and International Studies
Tony Williams – Professor of Political Science
Kristine Mitchell – Professor of Political Science and International Studies
Neil Leary – Director of the Center for Environmental and Sustainability Education
Russ Bova – Moderator – Professor of Political Science and International Studies
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