Security Challenges of the 21st Century – 2011-2012 Annual Theme

In the past, national security has centered on the strategies that political and military leaders pursue in their respective countries to defend their national interests, with a focus on military, diplomatic, economic, and informational instruments of power. In recent decades, however, the world has become more interdependent and the number and character of the threats have become, respectively, more numerous and complex, with some threats crossing national boundaries and challenging the well being of humanity as a whole. Thus, the current list of immediate and long-term threats to the national interests of the United States and other countries now includes interstate conflicts, civil wars marked by genocide, abuses of human rights, attacks on civilian populations by terrorist organizations, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, global pandemics, and the catastrophic effects of global climate change. In response to these developments, a new perspective to security has recently emerged, one that prioritizes “human security.” In 1994, the United Nations Development Report adopted this approach as its central organizing theme, arguing that the traditional notion of security was too narrow because it ignored the degree to which ordinary people felt threatened by crime, hunger, disease, and environmental hazards. While the traditional notion of security remains of central importance, the Clarke Forum embraces the broader concept of “human security” as the proper organizing principle of its 2011-12 theme: Security Challenges of the 21st Century.

Breaking Issue – iPhone vs. the FBI: Government Surveillance in the Post-Snowden Era

iPhone FBI PosterTuesday, April 5, 2016
Allison Great Hall, 7 p.m.


Amy Gaudion, Penn State Dickinson School of Law
John MacCormick, (panelist and moderator) Dickinson College
Tony Williams, Dickinson College

Should Apple help the FBI unlock the iPhone used by the shooter in the recent San Bernardino attack?  These panelists will address this question and the significant security, legal, and technological issues it raises, particularly those connected to privacy and security.

This event is sponsored by the Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues.

Biographies (provided by the panelists)

gaudionAmy C. Gaudion is the director of Graduate & International Education and a visiting assistant professor of law at Penn State’s Dickinson Law. Her scholarly and teaching interests focus on national security law, homeland security law and civilian-military relations. Her recent works have appeared in the Penn State Journal for Law & International Affairs, The New York Times, The Daily Beast, and the Western State Law Review. Recent presentations have included The Constitutionality and Consequences of America’s Use of Drones and the NSA Spying Program (2014, Western State College of Law), Beyond Print: New Models for Scholarly Publishing in Law (2014, Annual Conference of the American Association of Law Libraries), and Snowden Reflections (2014, Dickinson College). Professor Gaudion also served as a legal advisor to World on Trial, a public television and multimedia project that aims to elevate public awareness of important human rights issues and the international treaties that govern state conduct. Prior to joining Penn State’s Dickinson Law, she was an associate with Hangley Aronchick Segal & Pudlin, where her practice focused on antitrust and complex litigation matters, and a clerk for the Honorable William H. Yohn of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. She earned a J.D. from the Villanova University School of Law, receiving summa cum laude and Order of the Coif honors, and a B.A. from the University of Virginia, graduating with distinction.

John MacCormick has a doctorate in computer vision from the University of Oxford, has worked as a computer scientist in the research labs of Hewlett-Packard and Microsoft, and is currently a professor of computer science at Dickinson College.  He is the author of two books (Stochastic Algorithms for Visual Tracking, and Nine Algorithms That Changed the Future: The Ingenious Ideas That Drive Today’s Computers) and has filed over a dozen US patents on novel computer technologies.  His work spans several sub-fields of computer science, including computer vision, large-scale distributed systems, computer science education, and the public understanding of computer science.


Anthony R. Williams received his M.A. in Russian and Modern European History from the University of Virginia in 1969, his PhD Certificate (ABD) in Soviet History from UVA in 1971 and a National Security Program Certificate in 1995 from the JFK School of Government at Harvard University. He received a certificate in electronic engineering at CREI and his BA in History at Old Dominion University. He has served as an adjunct faculty member and guest lecturer at the University of Virginia, George Mason University, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Postgraduate School, the National Defense University and Northern Virginia Community College. Currently he is a visiting professor of Security Studies at Dickinson College where he teaches courses on international terrorism and national intelligence.

Professor Williams’ career as an intelligence officer with the CIA began in 1974 and he retired in 2005. During this time he served as a congressional fellow in Senator Sam Nunn’s office; was an Officer and Manager in the CIA’s Soviet & East European Office; was Executive Assistant to the Director of the Central Intelligence; was Chief of the Strategic Planning Center, COMIREX; Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Russian and East European Policy; Senior Manager at the CIA Counterproliferation Center, and Deputy Assistant DCI for Collection & Analysis. From 2000-2005 he was DCI Representative to the U.S. Army War College and Walter Bedell Smith Chair of National Intelligence Studies.  After retiring from the CIA in 2005 as a Senior Intelligence Officer, he held the Francis W. De Serio Chair for Strategic Intelligence at the US Army War College until June 2010 when he retired from that position. He continues to teach occasionally as an Adjunct Faculty at the USAWC. During his career at CIA Professor Williams worked against the Soviet target, international terrorist groups, international criminal organizations and organizations engaged in international weapons smuggling.

In addition, he is the recipient of many awards including the Outstanding Educators of America, Congressional Foreign Affairs Fellow, CIA Exceptional Performance Award, CIA Meritorious Unit Citation, the US Army Outstanding Civilian Service Medal, and CIA Career service and Career Intelligence Medals respectively, and was designated a Distinguished Fellow of the US Army War College in 2010.

Mr. Williams has published numerous articles during his career, most recently “The Role of Intelligence in the Making of National Security Policy, “ in U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy, J. Boone Barthelomees, Jr. (ed.), Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2007.

Video of the Panel Discussion

Kate Martin – Constitution Day Address Lecturer

Director, Center for National Security Studies

Government SurveillMartin Final Posterance and the Bill of Rights

Wednesday, September 17, 2014
Stern Center, Great Room, 7 p.m.

A former senior counter-terrorism official has said that existing surveillance capabilities are creating “the potential for a police state.” This lecture will address whether and how such capabilities can be reconciled with the Constitution’s prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures, its protections for freedom of speech and religion, as well as the demands of an open government in a democracy.

This event is sponsored by the Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues and Penn State Dickinson School of Law, and co-sponsored by the Churchill Fund and with the generous support of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Project on Civilian-Military Educational Cooperation. It is also part of the Clarke Forum’s Leadership in an Age of Uncertainty Series.

kate_martinBiography (provided by the speaker)

Kate Martin serves as director of the Center for National Security Studies, in Washington, D.C., the only think tank and advocacy organization devoted exclusively to preserving civil liberties in the national security context. Martin has served as director since 1992, having joined the Center as director of its Litigation Project in 1988 after 10 years as a lawyer in private practice.

Ms. Martin works to protect freedom of information, combat excessive government secrecy, prevent illegal government surveillance, assure effective oversight of intelligence agencies, protect the right of political dissent and the right to due process, ensure congressional authority in war powers, and protect the free exchange of ideas and information across international borders.

Martin testifies frequently before Congress. She regularly provides expert commentary in the media, appearing, for example, on The PBS News Hour and in-depth discussion shows on National Public Radio. She is regularly quoted in the print media, including The New York Times and the Washington Post. She has also has written extensively on these issues for more than twenty years.

Martin and the Center were awarded the 2005 Eugene S. Pulliam First Amendment Award by the Society for Professional Journalists for “years of working to protect open government and freedoms of speech and the press in the face of adversity in the name of national security.” She was inducted into the Freedom of Information Hall of Fame in 2001.

Martin’s court victories include obtaining an emergency order in 1989 on behalf of the National Security Archive that prevented the destruction of the Reagan White House e-mail messages and forcing the historic release of the intelligence budgets for 1997 and 1998 on behalf of the Federation of American Scientists.   After the attacks of September 11, she led the coalition challenge to the Justice Department’s extraordinary policy of arresting hundreds of people in secret and then deporting them after secret immigration hearings.

From 1993 to 2002, Martin worked in emerging democracies, with NGOs in Eastern Europe and Latin America to secure freedom of information and assist in establishing oversight and accountability of secret intelligence agencies. She was co-director with the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights in Warsaw of such a reform project in 12 former communist countries in Europe.

From 1995 to 2001, she also served as general counsel to the National Security Archive, a research library located at George Washington University. Martin has taught Strategic Intelligence and Public Policy at Georgetown University Law School and National Security Law at George Washington University. She is a member of the Liberty and Security Committee of The Constitution Project and serves on the Editorial Board of the Journal of National Security Law & Policy.

Before joining the Center, Martin was a partner with the Washington, D.C. law firm of Nussbaum, Owen & Webster. She graduated from the University of Virginia Law School, where she was a member of the Law Review, and from Pomona College with a B.A. in philosophy cum laude.

Related Links:
For more writings about government surveillance:
For government statements and disclosures:

Winfield C. Cook Constitution Day Address
The annual address is endowed through the generosity of Winfield C. Cook, former Dickinson Trustee. Each year the Clarke Forum invites a prominent public figure to campus to speak on a contemporary issue related to the Constitution. The event celebrates the signing of the United States Constitution and commemorates Dickinson’s connection to that document, through John Dickinson’s participation as an original signer. Previous speakers have included Kenneth Starr, Ira Glasser, Lowell Weicker, Marjorie Rendell, Tom Ridge and Michael Chertoff.

Interview with Kate Martin

Video of the Lecture

The Eisenhower Series College Program

ESCP Poster finalTopic: U.S. Security Policy

Tuesday, March 4, 2014
Stern Center, Great Room, 7 p.m.


Lt. Col. Robert Borcherding, U.S. Army
Capt. Jim Boswell (Facilitator), U.S. Navy
Lt. Col. Paul Brooks, U.S. Army
Cmdr. Anthony Conley, U.S. Navy
Col. Michael Daniels, U.S. Army
Col. Kelly Ivanoff, U.S. Army

The Eisenhower program is an academic outreach designed to encourage dialogue on national security and other public policy issues between students at the U.S. Army War College and students/faculty at other academic institutions.

This program is part of the Clarke Forum’s Leadership in an Age of Uncertainty Series and is sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues and co-sponsored by the Churchill Fund.

Biographies (provided by the speakers)

Boswell picCaptain Jim Boswell (facilitator of the event) was born at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida and grew up on Air Force bases in Europe and the Far East.  He attended high school and college in the great state of Florida and holds a bachelor’s of science in industrial and systems engineering from the University of Florida and a master’s of science in Computer Science from the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey California.  He is also a graduate of the United States Army War College with a Master of Strategic Studies degree.

Designated a naval flight officer, he has flown over 2500 hours in the A-6E Intruder medium attack aircraft and the EP-3 Aries reconnaissance aircraft in squadrons deployed around the world. He commanded Tactical Air Control Squadron Twenty-Two (TACRON-22) at Little Creek, Virginia, leading the Skylords of TACRON-22 during two successful CENTCOM deployments.

He served as the Pacific Fleet Branch Head for Deep Blue on the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). He also deployed in support of Commander Joint Special Operations Task Force – Horn of Africa, to Djibouti, Africa as Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance analyst/advisor.  Before being posted to the Army War College he was the Deputy Division Chief (J-88) at United States Strategic Command at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, supporting capability requirements for information warfare, electronic warfare and cyberspace.

Captain Boswell’s personal awards include the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, the Meritorious Service Medal, the Air Medal (3), the Joint Service Commendation Medal, the Navy and Marines Corps Commendation Medal, the Joint Service Achievement Medal, and the Navy and Marines Corps Achievement Medal.

Ltc Robert BorcherdingLieutenant Colonel Robert Borcherding grew up in Chino Hills, California. In 1993 he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, with a B.S. in Political Science (International Relations). Lt. Col. Borcherding was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. After three years at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, he attended The University of Virginia School of Law under the Funded Legal Education Program, where he obtained his J.D. in 1999. Lt. Col. Borcherding also holds a M.A. in Foreign Affairs from The University of Virginia Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

Lt. Col. Borcherding’s first duty assignment as a Judge Advocate was in Kaiserslautern, Germany, with the 21st Theater Support Command, where he served in a variety of positions – Chief of Legal Assistance, Trial Counsel, Senior Trial Counsel, Chief of Military Justice, and Administrative Law Attorney. Following the Judge Advocate Graduate Course, LTC Borcherding was assigned as the Group Judge Advocate, 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne), at Fort Carson, Colorado. After a year of school at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, he served as the Deputy Director, Combat Developments Directorate, at The Judge Advocate General’s Legal Center and School (TJAGLCS). He then served as the Deputy Staff Judge Advocate, 1st Infantry Division and Fort Riley, Kansas, and as the Staff Judge Advocate, Fort Riley, Kansas, during the 1st Infantry Division’s deployment to Iraq. Most recently, he served as Deputy Chief, Operational Law Division, at U.S. Africa Command in Stuttgart, Germany.

His deployment experience as a judge advocate includes a tour as an assistant legal advisor to Headquarters, Kosovo Force (Main), in Pristina, Kosovo, and three tours as the staff judge advocate for the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force – Arabian Peninsula in Iraq.

Lt. Col. Borcherding attended the Judge Advocate Officer Basic and Graduate courses at TJAGLCS and the Combined Arms Services Staff School and Intermediate Level Education / Advanced Operations Warfighting Course in the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He currently attends the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

His awards include the Bronze Star Medal, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal, Army Commendation Medal, Joint Service Achievement Medal, and the Army Achievement Medal. He is also entitled to wear the Ranger Tab, Senior Parachutist Badge, and Pathfinder Badge.

Lt. Col. Borcherding is married to the former Anne L. Pettijohn and has three daughters – Katherine, Elizabeth, and Meredith.

Ltc Paul BrooksLieutenant Colonel Paul “Tim” Brooks was born and raised in Syracuse, New York. He received his bachelor’s of arts from the University of Notre Dame in May 1990. In March 2004, he earned a master’s of science degree in information operations from the Naval Post Graduate School in Monterey, California.

In May of 1990 he was commissioned through the Reserve Officer Training Corps program as a 2LT in the Armor Corps and was assigned to Germany where he served as a tank platoon leader, tank company Executive Officer and Headquarters and Headquarters Company Executive Officer with the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment and the 3rd Infantry Division.

Lt. Col. Brooks transitioned to the Military Intelligence Corps in 1994 and was to Fort Campbell, KY where he served in a variety of intelligence positions including battalion and brigade intelligence officer as well as direct support military intelligence company commander in the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault).  During this tour he deployed to Haiti with the 1st Brigade in 1996 to support of the UN Mission in Haiti.  After command Lt. ColonelBrooks was reassigned to the Battle Command Training Program in Fort Leavenworth, KS, as an intelligence, and later Information Operations (IO), Observer-Trainer where he has the opportunity to work with Army National Guard units throughout the U.S. to develop their staff skills and procedures.

Following his promotion and selection as an IO officer, he was reassigned to Camp Red Cloud, Korea, as the 2nd Infantry Division’s IO officer for 15 months.  Upon returning from Korea, Lt. Col. Brooks was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division in Ft Hood, TX where he served as the IO officer for the 3rd “Greywolf” Brigade, the secretary to the general staff and the division IO officer.  While assigned to the division he deployed to Iraq twice from 2006 to 2008 and later from 2009 to 2010.  During these deployments he was responsible for coordinating Psychological Operations, Key Leader Engagement, Operations Security, Electronic Warfare and the coordination of these programs with Civil Affairs and Public Affairs activities.

In July 2013 Lt. Col. Brooks completed a three year tour as the IO plans and policy lead for the Operations Division, of the NATO International Military Staff.  In this role he served as the secretary for a variety of committees and working groups tasked with developing Alliance policy and doctrine.

Lt. Col. Brooks’s awards include the Bronze Star Medal (two), Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal (three), Joint Service Commendation Medal, Army Commendation Medal (four), Army Achievement Medal (two), and the Combat Action Badge.

Lt. Col. Brooks is married to the former Ms. Kimberly Lawrence of New Orleans, Louisiana. They have one daughter, Darby, who is 12 years old.

Cmdr Anthony ConleyCommander Anthony Conley was born in Baltimore, Maryland and grew up in Edgewood, Maryland.  He received his bachelors of engineering degree from Stevens Institute of Technology in May 1987.  In June 1997, he received a master’s of science in engineering management from Florida Institute of Technology.

In April 1996, he was direct commissioned as a reserve ensign in the Civil Engineer Corps.  After commissioning, he reported to Naval Mobile Construction Battalion TWENTY THREE and then to NMCB TWENTY ONE for 3 years.  He was voluntarily recalled to active duty in May 2000 and reported to the Civil Engineer Officers School in Port Hueneme, California, which he completed in July 2000 as the “Honor Graduate”.

In his first active tour as a LT, he served as the deputy resident officer in Charge of Construction at Southern Division, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, ROICC Office Panama City, Florida till June 2002.  He then rotated to NMCB ONE, where he served as the Alfa Company Commander, the Seabee Engineer Reconnaissance Team OIC, Deployment for Training (DFT) Grenada OIC, and DFT Balikatan (Philippines) OIC.  He detached from NMCB ONE in June 2004 to become the Assistant Public Works Officer for Naval Station Guantanamo Bay.  During his tenure at Guantanamo Bay, he was promoted to lieutenant commander (LCDR) and subsequently detailed as the table of allowance readiness officer (R43) for the Twenty Second Naval Construction Regiment located in Gulfport, Mississippi.  His tour at 22nd NCR lasted two years, including eight months in Kuwait as part of 22nd NCR Forward, before being detailed to Navy Installations Command as the utilities and energy program manager for one year, then assigned as the public works branch head within CNIC for his last year.  Prior to his return to Guantanamo Bay, he was the military aide for assistant secretary of the navy (Energy, Installations and Environment) and promoted to Commander.  Cpmmander Conley is a registered professional engineer in the state of Maryland, a certified energy manager, and a member of the Society of American Military Engineers.  He is a member of the Acquisition Professional Community and DAWIA Level III certified. His awards include a Meritorious Service Medal (three), Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal (three) and Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal.  He is qualified as a Seabee Combat Warfare Officer.

Commander Conley is married to the former Ms. Jennifer Tanner of Bush, Louisiana.  They have two sons, Lance Anthony Conley, who is 8 years old and Tanner Andrew Conley, who is 3 years old.

Col Michael DanielsColonel Michael Daniels was born in Proctor, Vermont. He received a bachelor of arts in political science from St. Michael’s College (Winooski, VT) in 1983. He earned a master’s in military arts and science in military history from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in 2003, and a master of science in international relations from Troy University in 2005.

Prior to attending the U.S. Army War College, he was the enlisted engineer branch chief at the U.S. Army Human Resource Command, Fort Knox, KY. Prior to that assignment he was the garrison commander at the Yakima (WA) Training Center. Before command he was professor of military science and Army ROTC department chair at Oregon State University. Colonel Daniels has had a variety of tactical Army assignments as an engineer throughout the United States and around the world, to include Iraq, Kuwait, Afghanistan, South Korea, Germany and England. He was an enlisted infantryman for six years prior to graduation from Army Officer Candidate School and commissioning as a second lieutenant in 1991.

Colonel Daniels has received a number of awards and decorations throughout his 29-year Army career, and is a graduate of various military schools. He is a member of the Society of Military Engineers, the Army Engineer Association, Rotary, Elks, and a number of veteran’s service organizations.

Colonel Daniels is married to the former Emily McDaniel from Tacoma, WA. They have two children, Benjamin aged 22, an Army infantry corporal in the 10th Mountain Division and currently serving in Afghanistan, and Katherine aged 20, a sophomore at Central Washington University.

Col Kelly IvanoffColonel Kelly Ivanoff grew up in Cody, Wyoming.  He received his bachelor’s of science in biology from Black Hills State University in Spearfish, South Dakota in May 1991.  In June 2003, he completed his master’s of science in human resources administration from Central Michigan University.

Commissioned a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery, Col. Ivanoff began his professional career in 1992 as a Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) Platoon Leader in Bamberg, Germany.  Following completion of the Field Artillery Officer Advanced Course in 1995 he was assigned to the 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum, New York and served in a variety of assignments including command of Bravo Battery, 3rd Battalion, 6th Field Artillery, and Headquarters Battery, 10th Mountain Division Artillery.  After completion of the Army’s Command and General Staff College, he was assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina and immediately deployed to Ar Ramadi, Iraq where he served for eight months.  In 2005, he deployed to Louisiana to conduct humanitarian support operations after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita made landfall.  In 2007 and 2008 he served a 15 month deployment in Khowst, Afghanistan.  From 2009-2011, Colonel Ivanoff served as the Commander of the 1st Battalion, 19th Field Artillery at Fort Sill Oklahoma, and he completed his assignment at Fort Sill by serving as the Director of the Field Artillery Personnel Proponent Office.

Col. Ivanoff’s awards and decorations include the Bronze Star with one Oak Leaf Cluster, the Combat Action Badge, the Parachutist Badge, the Egyptian Parachutist Badge, and the Air Assault Badge.

Col. Ivanoff is married to the former Ms. Tamra Fontaine of Cody, Wyoming.  They have five children, Elizabeth, Samantha, Casey, Curtis and Ashley.

Video of the Panel Discussion


James A. Baker – Constitution Day Address Lecturer

Baker poster finalFormer Counsel for Intelligence Policy and Associate Deputy Attorney General, Justice Department

Surveillance Post-Snowden

Thursday, September 12, 2013
Stern Center, Great Room, 7 p.m.

Baker will reflect on the recent disclosures of government surveillance activities. Formerly in charge of representing the government before the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, Baker will provide his perspective on the challenging security and privacy issues facing us today.

This event is jointly sponsored by the Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues, Penn State Dickinson School of Law and School of International Affairs


James A. Baker has worked on numerous national security matters during his career. A former federal prosecutor, he worked on all aspects of national security investigations and prosecutions, including in particular the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), during his 17 year career at the U.S. Department of Justice. From 2001-2007, Mr. Baker served as Counsel for Intelligence Policy at the Justice Department, where he was head of the Office of Intelligence Policy and Review. In that position, he was responsible for developing, coordinating, and implementing national security policy with regard to intelligence and counterintelligence matters for the department. Mr. Baker provided the Attorney General, the U.S. Intelligence Community, and the White House with legal and policy advice on a range of national security issues for many years, and also conducted oversight of the Intelligence Community, including the FBI, on behalf of the Attorney General. In 2006, Mr. Baker received the George H.W. Bush Award for Excellence in Counterterrorism, the CIA’s highest award for counterterrorism achievement. In 2007, Mr. Baker received NSA’s Intelligence Under Law Award, the NSA Director’s Distinguished Service Medal, and the Edmund J. Randolph Award, the Justice Department’s highest award. Also in 2007, Mr. Baker was a Fellow at the Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and was a Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School. Mr. Baker is currently Associate General Counsel with Bridgewater Associates, LP.

Winfield C. Cook Constitution Day Address
The annual address is endowed through the generosity of Winfield C. Cook, former Dickinson Trustee. Each year the Clarke Forum invites a prominent public figure to campus to speak on a contemporary issue related to the Constitution. The event celebrates the signing of the United States Constitution and commemorates Dickinson’s connection to that document, through John Dickinson’s participation as an original signer. Previous speakers have included Kenneth Starr, Ira Glasser, Lowell Weicker, Marjorie Rendell, Tom Ridge and Michael Chertoff.

Lecture Remarks

WDCV Radio Interview

Video of the Lecture

Suzanne Cusick

Professor of Music, New York University

Acoustemology & the “War on Terror”

Tuesday, April 17, 2012
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

Based on interviews with released detainees at Guantanamo and elsewhere, this lecture analyzes the ways that regimes of sound and silence were used to attack the subjectivities of prisoners detained in U.S.-run prison facilities during the so-called “global war on terror.” More information.

The event is co-sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues and the Department of Music.

Biography (provided by the speaker)
Suzanne G. Cusick is a professor of music at New York University. Her writing on music in relation to gender, sexuality and cultural history has appeared in such journals as the Journal of the American Musicological Society, Early Music, Musical Quarterly, Repercussions, Perspectives of New Music, Early Modern Women, TRANS, and the Journal of the Society for American Music. Her monograph “Francesca Caccini at the Medici Court” will be published by the University of Chicago Press in 2009. She is currently working on a book about the uses of sound and silence in U.S.-run detention camps in the so-called “global war on terror.”
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Eisenhower National Security Series

A Visit by U.S. Army War College Eisenhower Fellows

Tuesday, March 27, 2012

The Eisenhower program is an academic outreach designed to encourage dialogue on national security and other public policy issues between students at the U.S. Army War College and students/faculty at academic institutions. The fellows will be visiting classes and participating in events throughout the day.

Each year a few students at the U.S. Army War College participate in the Eisenhower National Security Series and travel outside Carlisle Barracks to engage in discussions with other students, academics, and the public about national security issues and the employment of military assets.

* This program is part of the Clarke Forum’s Leadership in an Age of Uncertainty Series and is co-sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues, Penn State University Dickinson School of Law, School of International Affairs and the Churchill Fund.

Schedule of Programs:

9 – 10:30 a.m. – Open Class Visit

Ethics and International Security
Captain Stephen C. Krotow, U.S. Navy and Lt. Col. Curtis Mason, U.S. Marine Corps to visit Professor Bova’s class.
Denny Hall, Room 211

Noon – 1:30 p.m. – Lunch Panel Discussion

The Arab Spring
Panelists: Eisenhower National Security Series Fellows, with Prof. David Commins serving as moderator.
Holland Union Building, Social Hall

7 – 8:30 p.m. – Panel Discussion

Asian Security Issues
Panelists: Eisenhower National Security Series Fellows, with Prof.Doug Stuart serving as moderator.
Stern Center, Great Room

Participants / National Security Series Fellows
Captain Stephen C. Krotow, director of the Eisenhower Program, U.S. Navy
Lieutenant Colonel Curtis Mason, U.S. Marine Corps
Commander Michael S. Matis, U.S. Navy Reserve
Ms. Saiko Miyamoto, Department of the Army

Daniel Drezner

Professor of International Politics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

International Politics and Zombies

Thursday, March 22, 2012
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

Addressing timely issues with analytical bite, Drezner looks at how well-known theories from international relations might be applied to a war with zombies. He boldly lurches into the breach and “stress tests” the ways that different approaches to world politics would explain policy responses to the living dead. Drezner examines the most prominent international relations theories–including realism, liberalism, constructivism, and neoconservatism –and decomposes their predictions. Exploring the plots of popular zombie films, songs, and books, Theories of International Politics and Zombies predicts realistic scenarios for the political stage in the face of a zombie threat and considers how valid–or how rotten–such scenarios might be.

This event is jointly sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues, Penn State Dickinson School of Law and the School of International Affairs.

Biography (provided by the speaker)
Daniel W. Drezner is professor of international politics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, a senior editor at The National Interest, and a contributing editor at Foreign Policy. Prior to Fletcher, he taught at the University of Chicago and the University of Colorado at Boulder. He has previously held positions with Civic Education Project, the RAND Corporation and the U.S. Department of the Treasury, and received fellowships from the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Council on Foreign Relations, and Harvard University. Drezner has written four books, including All Politics is Global (Princeton, 2007), and edited two books, including Avoiding Trivia (Brookings, 2009). He has published articles in numerous scholarly journals as well as in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, The New Republic, and Foreign Affairs. He is an occasional commentator for NPR’s Marketplace, and keeps a daily blog for Foreign Policy magazine.

Related Links:




Thom Shanker and Eric Schmitt

Pentagon Correspondents, The New York Times and Co-authors of Counterstrike


Wednesday, March 21, 2012
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

A book signing will follow.

Schmitt and Shanker explore the Pentagon’s secretive and revolutionary new strategy to fight the war on terrorism. This new strategy will have game-changing effects in the Middle East and in the United States.

This event is jointly sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues, Penn State Dickinson School of Law, the School of International Affairs and Betty R. ’58 and Dan Churchill.

Biographies (provided by the speakers)
Eric Schmitt is a senior writer for The New York Times who covers domestic and internationalism terrorism issues. For nearly 20 years, he has covered military and national security affairs for the newspaper. Since the Sept. 11 attacks, he has made ten reporting trips to Iraq and five trips to Afghanistan to cover American military operations there. In the past year, he has also reported on counter-terrorism operations in Pakistan, Mali and Southeast Asia.

Previously, Mr. Schmitt reported on demographic and national immigration issues for The Times and covered Congress for five years. During that time, he one of newspaper’s main reporters assigned to the 2000 congressional elections as well as the House and Senate impeachment proceedings against President Bill Clinton in 1999.

Mr. Schmitt joined the Washington bureau of The Times in May 1990 as one of the paper’s two Pentagon correspondents. He covered military operations Somalia, Haiti and the Middle East in the 1991 Persian Gulf war.

Mr. Schmitt has been a reporter with The Times since 1983, with assignments including business news and Long Island regional correspondent. Mr. Schmitt was the assistant to New York Times senior columnist James Reston in 1983-84. Before joining The Times, Mr. Schmitt covered education issues for The Tri-City Herald in Kennewick, Wash.

He earned a bachelor’s degree in International Relations at Williams College, and during that time studied at El Instituto Internacional in Madrid for a year. He received a Knight Journalism Fellowship at Stanford University for the 2006-07 academic year.

Mr. Schmitt has shared two Pulitzer Prizes. In 1999, he was part of a team of New York Times reporters awarded the Pulitzer for coverage of the transfer of sensitive military technology to China. In 2009, he was a part of a team of New York Times reporters awarded the Pulitzer for coverage of Afghanistan and Pakistan. He is co-author of “Counterstrike: The Untold Story of America’s Secret Campaign Against Al Qaeda”.

Thom Shanker is a correspondent covering the Pentagon, the military and national security for The New York Times. He is co-author, with Eric Schmitt, of “Counterstrike: The Untold Story of America’s Secret Campaign Against Al Qaeda,” published in August of 2011 by Times Books and Henry Holt and Co. For the war in Afghanistan, Mr. Shanker embedded with Army Special Forces at Kandahar. He has conducted numerous reporting trips to Afghanistan and Iraq, and has embedded in the field with units from the squad and company level through battalion, brigade, division and corps. Prior to joining The Times, he was foreign editor of The Chicago Tribune. Mr. Shanker was The Tribune’s senior European correspondent, based in Berlin, from 1992-1995. Most of that time was spent covering the wars in former Yugoslavia, where Mr. Shanker was the first reporter to uncover and write about the Serb campaign of systematic mass rape of Muslim women. He was The Tribune’s Moscow bureau chief from 1985-1988, covering the first years of the Gorbachev era as well as issues of superpower arms control. From 1988-1990, he was The Tribune’s Pentagon correspondent. Mr. Shanker returned to Moscow from 1990-1992 to cover the death of the USSR and the collapse of the communist empire in Eastern Europe. He attended the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and Colorado College.


Michael Granoff

Head of Oil Independence Policies, Better Place

The End of the Oil Monopoly

Tuesday, March 6, 2012
Anita Tuvin Schlechter Auditorium, 6:30 p.m.

For 100 years, virtually all of global transport has been the domain of a single, depleting, polluting commodity to the detriment of the global economy, security and environment. But the trend is beginning to change in 2012 as the convergence of technology and creative business modeling has led to the creation of a less expensive and more convenient alternative to gasoline-driven automobiles. Pioneered in Israel, Denmark and Australia, this radical new approach has the potential to turn two giant industries upside down.

This event is sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues and The Milton B. Asbell Center for Jewish Life and is part of The Clarke Forum’s Leadership in an Age of Uncertainty Series.

Biography (provided by the speaker)
Michael Granoff has been head of oil independence policies for Better Place since its founding in 2007. In that capacity, he helps stakeholders of all types calibrate policies consistent with the Better Place approach to ending the corrosive effect of oil dependence on economy, environment and security. Stakeholders with which Granoff works include governments on every level, industry, non-governmental organizations, and current and future Better Place partners.

Granoff is founder of Maniv Energy Capital, a New York-based investment group and the first investor in Better Place. Maniv Energy has several other interests in the alternative energy and clean technology space, and was instrumental in the founding of Israel Cleantech Ventures, the first venture fund in Israel with an exclusive focus on cleantech.

In 2004, Granoff became a founding board member of Securing America’s Future Energy, a Washington, D.C.-based group that works with corporate and retired military leaders to advocate for policies that contribute to the energy security of the U.S.

Previous to Maniv Energy, Granoff founded Maniv Bioventures, a $20 million fund that invested in 10 earlystage life science companies. Politically active for two decades, Granoff served in two presidential campaigns and several political organizations, and has served on the boards of half a dozen non-profit institutions.

Mr. Granoff was winner of the 2010 Asper Award for Global Entrepreneurship from the Brandeis University International School of Business, among other honors.

He holds a B.A. from Tufts University, an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and a J.D. from Northwestern School of Law. Granoff is an avid marathon runner and, together with his wife, he has four young children.

Panel Discussion: Bird Flu Dilemmas: Balancing Science, Security, & Free Speech

Wednesday, February 15, 2012
Anita Tuvin Schlechter Auditorium, 7:00 p.m.


Andrew Pekosz, associate professor, W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Thomas Place, professor of law, Penn State Dickinson School of Law
Anthony Williams, visiting professor of political science and security studies, Dickinson College
David Kushner, associate professor of biology, Dickinson College, moderator

In December 2011 the US government asked scientists who had recently created a possibly dangerous airborne strain of H5N1 (avian influenza) not to publish all the genetic details of their research. The government’s request highlights the tensions that can arise between scientific inquiry, security, and freedom of speech.

Event is sponsored by The Clarke Forum Contemporary Issues.

Click here for campus-only video

Ronald Deibert

Professor of Political Science and Director of the Canada Centre for Global Security Studies and the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto

A Perfect Storm in Cyberspace

Wednesday, February 1, 2012
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

What was once a domain characterized by openness and the free exchange of ideas, cyberspace is being re-shaped by technological changes, a growing underworld of cyber crime, a burgeoning cyber security industrial complex that feeds a cyber arms race, and an increasingly intense geopolitical contest over the domain itself.

Together, these driving forces are creating a kind of “perfect storm” in cyberspace that threats to subvert it entirely either through over-reaction, the imposition of heavy-handed controls and through partition or cantoning.

To restore cyberspace as an open global commons will require a multi-layered strategy, from the local to the global.

Drawing from the research and other activities of the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto — including the OpenNet Initiative and the Information Warfare Monitor — Ron Deibert discusses the “Coming Perfect Storm in Cyberspace” and what is to be done to prepare for it.

The event is jointly sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues, Penn State Dickinson School of Law, the School of International Affairs, in addition to the Department of Math and Computer Science.

Ronald Deibert’s Biography

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Harold Koh

Chief Legal Counsel for the U.S. Department of State

A Smart Power Approach to International Law and National Security

Thursday, January 26, 2012
Apfelbaum Auditorium, Lewis Katz Hall, Penn State Law, Carlisle, 5:00 p.m.

Koh, a leading expert on public and private international law, national security and human rights, will discuss the threats, responses and accountability mechanisms that will define the future national security configuration.

The event is jointly sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues at Dickinson College and the Penn State Dickinson School of Law. Link to Penn State Dickinson School of Law for additional information. This program is also supported by Betty R. ’58 and Dan Churchill.

Biography (from Yale Law School)
Harold Hongju Koh is the Martin R. Flug ’55 Professor of International Law (on leave, 2011-2012). On June 25, 2009, the U.S. Senate confirmed Professor Koh as Legal Adviser to the United States Department of State.

He began teaching at Yale Law School in 1985 and served from 2004 until 2009 as its fifteenth Dean. From 1998 to 2001, he served as U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, and previously had served on the Secretary of State’s Advisory Committee on Public International Law. Before joining Yale, he practiced law at Covington and Burling from 1982-83 and at the Office of Legal Counsel at the Department of Justice from 1983-85.

Professor Koh is a leading expert on public and private international law, national security law, and human rights. He has argued before the United States Supreme Court and he has testified before the U.S. Congress more than twenty times. He has been awarded eleven honorary doctorates and three law school medals and has received more than thirty awards for his human rights work. He is recipient of the 2005 Louis B. Sohn Award from the American Bar Association International Law Section and the 2003 Wolfgang Friedmann Award from Columbia Law School for his lifetime achievements in International Law. He is author or co-author of eight books, including Transnational Litigation in United States Courts, Foundations of International Law and Politics (with O. Hathaway); Transnational Legal Problems (with H. Steiner and D. Vagts), Transnational Business Problems (with D. Vagts and W. Dodge), and The National Security Constitution, which won the American Political Science Association’s award in 1991 as the best book on the American Presidency. He was also the editor of The Justice Harry A. Blackmun Oral History Project (1994-95). He has published more than 150 articles on international human rights, international business transactions, national security and foreign affairs law, international trade, international organizations, international law and political science, and procedure.

He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society, an Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, a former Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, and a member of the Council of the American Law Institute. He has held fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the Century Foundation. He has sat on the Board of Overseers of Harvard University and sits on the Boards of Directors of the Brookings Institution, Human Rights First, the American Arbitration Association, and the National Democratic Institute. He has been named one of America’s “45 Leading Public Sector Lawyers Under The Age of 45” by American Lawyer magazine and one of the “100 Most Influential Asian-Americans of the 1990s” by A magazine.

A Korean-American native of Boston, he holds a B.A. degree from Harvard College and B.A. and M.A. degrees from Oxford University, where he was a Marshall Scholar. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School, where he was Developments Editor of the Harvard Law Review, and served as a law clerk for Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and Judge Malcolm Richard Wilkey of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.

Paul B. Olsen

Colonel, U.S. Army

Natural Selection & War

Thursday, November 17, 2011
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

Today’s advances in evolutionary biology are unifying competing theories of natural selection and serve as a timely call for a similar unification of competing theories of war. This lecture explores the relationship between war and natural selection by first examining war’s biological origins, and then placing them within a multidisciplinary framework called the Nature of War Theory.

This theory, as its name implies, reconciles natural selection and war to reveal a shared overarching and paradoxical duality, displaying that war is characterized by the simultaneous violent interplay of evolutionary individual-level and group-level adaptations, manifested by individualist and altruistic wars, respectively, and highlighted by trends and insights recognizable to both students of war and evolutionary biology.

This event is sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues and co-sponsored by the Departments of Biology and Psychology.

Biography (provided by the speaker)
Colonel Olsen was commissioned in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers upon graduation from the University of Wisconsin where he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Geography. He has held leadership positions in Army engineer units in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and the United States, including command of the 249th Engineer Battalion (Prime Power) during Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq. Additionally, he has held a number of key staff assignments including the Speechwriter to General David Petraeus and the Executive Officer to Janet Menig, the Army’s Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management.

Colonel Olsen holds a Master of Science Degree in Civil and Infrastructure Engineering from George Mason University, a Master of Strategic Studies from the U.S. Army War College, and a Master of Arts Degree in Business Management from Webster University. He is also a registered Professional Engineer in the Commonwealth of Virginia. His military education includes completion of the Engineer Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College and the U.S. Army War College where graduated with honors. He is also a graduate of the French Army Engineer Advanced Course.

Awards and decorations earned by Colonel Olsen include the Bronze Star Medal and the Meritorious Service Medal with four Oak Leaf Clusters. Additionally, he was the 2003 recipient of the Secretary of the Army’s Frank Pace Award for innovation and the 2011 recipient of the Commandant’s Award for Distinction in Research at the U.S. Army War College.

He is married to Lieutenant Colonel Cynthia Olsen, Judge Advocate General’s Corps. They have three children: David, Gabriel, and Rebecca.
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Michael Klare

Five College professor of Peace and World Security Studies

The Great Struggle Over Energy

Wednesday, November 9, 2011
Stern Center, Great Room, 7:00 p.m.

This lecture will explain how the world’s existing energy system, based on oil and other fossil fuels, will have to be replaced by a new one over the next 30 years or so due to resource scarcity and climate change. But as no known alternative can replace fossil fuels at the present time, there will be an intense struggle over the various contenders for this role – a struggle that will have immense consequences for the major energy firms, the major energy producers and consumers, and all human beings.

This event is jointly sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues and Penn State University Dickinson School of Law and School of International Affairs.

Biography (provided by the speaker)
Michael T. Klare is the Five College Professor of Peace and World Security Studies, a joint appointment at Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, and Smith Colleges and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Professor Klare has written widely on world security affairs, the arms trade, and global resource politics. His most recent books include Resource Wars (2001), Blood and Oil (2005), and Rising Powers, Shrinking Planet (2008). Dr. Klare has also written for many publications, including Current History, Foreign Affairs, The Nation, Newsweek, and Scientific American. He also serves as defense correspondent of The Nation and is a contributing editor of Current History. In addition to his academic and writing pursuits, Dr. Klare is active in disarmament, environmental, and human rights advocacy work. He serves on the board of the Arms Control Association and the National Priorities Project.
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P. J. Crowley – General Omar N. Bradley Lecture

Former United States Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs

General Omar N. Bradley Chair in Strategic Leadership

WIKILEAKS: One Year Later

Tuesday, October 25, 2011
Penn State University Dickinson School of Law
Lewis Katz Hall Auditorium, 6:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m.

Crowley will explore the impact that Wikileaks has had on global politics and the media as well as the implications it has had for relevant national security policies.

This event is jointly sponsored by The Clarke Forum for Contemporary Issues, Penn State University Dickinson School of Law and School of International Affairs, and the U.S. Army War College.

Philip J. “P.J.” Crowley, former United States assistant secretary of state for public affairs, is the 2011-2012 recipient of the General Omar N. Bradley Chair in Strategic Leadership. While in residence, Crowley conducts classes at Dickinson College, the U.S. Army War College and Penn State University Dickinson School of Law and School of International Affairs.

President Barack Obama nominated Crowley to be assistant secretary of state for public affairs in the U.S. Department of State in 2009. Previously, he served as special assistant to the president for national security affairs and senior director of public affairs for the National Security Council during the Clinton Administration. Across a 30-year government career, Crowley was a 26-year veteran of the United States Air Force and served in Turkey, Germany, and at the United States Air Force Academy. During the Kosovo conflict, he worked under Javier Solana, Secretary General of NATO, helping to develop a strategic communication capability to keep American and European publics informed about military operations, but also counteract deliberate efforts by the Serbian government to use state-controlled media coverage to undercut public support for the NATO campaign. He retired from the Air Force in 1999 as a colonel.

Prior to joining the Department of State, Crowley was a senior fellow with the Center for American Progress, with a particular policy focus on homeland security and combating terrorism in ways that are consistent with the rule of law, and can sustain long-term public support.

The Omar Bradley Chair is a joint initiative among the United States Army War College, Dickinson College and Penn State University Dickinson School of Law and School of International Affairs. Its objective is to advance the study of strategic leadership and enhance civilian-military dialogue by offering distinguished individuals the opportunity to contribute to the educational and research activities of the partner institutions. Previous chair-holders include former director of national intelligence and retired United States Navy four-star Admiral Dennis Blair and Pulitzer Prize-winning historian and journalist Rick Atkinson.

WDCV Radio Interview with P.J. Crowley on 10/25/11